Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship

Program Overview

The Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center is, effective July 2017, a two-year, ACGME-accredited program that admits one fellow per year.

Program Details

The Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship is a well-established advanced fellowship program, providing fellows with state-of-the-art training in all aspects of heart rhythm management.

The ACGME-accredited program is designed to meet all of the requirements for board eligibility in Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology and provides level 3 COCATS training in clinical electrophysiology, ablation and device implantation and follow-up. A continuity outpatient experience in the arrhythmia clinic, along with arrhythmia consultation of a diverse arrhythmia population, including postoperative arrhythmias, arrhythmias from patients on a busy congestive heart failure/cardiac transplant service, and an adult congenital heart disease program is emphasized. Trainees are exposed and can participate in clinical and basic research. Research emphasis is on clinical trials involving investigational antiarrhythmic drugs and implantable devices.

Our Team

Curriculum

Detailed curriculum information for the Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship (CCEP) follows.

Program Goals

The goals of our program are to train fellows who:

  • Have a broad knowledge of the total spectrum of arrhythmias, both supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, as well as bradyarrhythmias.
  • Have an advanced knowledge base in basic CCEP and pharmacology.
  • Are adept in interpreting complex electrocardiology and able to provide expert consultative care for patients with arrhythmias.
  • Are familiar and proficient with the indications and safe use of invasive ep procedures.
  • Are capable of independently performing and analyzing both noninvasive and invasive electrophysiologic tests.
  • Have participated in, and are able to critically analyze research pertaining to electrophysiology.
  • Provide compassionate and state-of-the-art care to their patients with arrhythmias.

Fellows will fulfill the suggested guidelines for training as outlined in the ACCF 2008 COCATS 3, Task Force 6, endorsed by the Heart Rhythm Society. Level 3, described in Task Force 6, corresponds with the one-year CCEP fellowship. Candidates will have already fulfilled Level 1, and possibly Level 2 training in their three-year general cardiology fellowship. Requirements of all three levels must be met.

Prior procedure volume during Levels 1 and 2 training can be counted toward total Level 3 numbers. CCEP fellows have the option of extending their training an additional year for more advanced procedures, such as atrial fibrillation ablation and lead extractions.

Core Cardiac Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Curriculum Training

Level 1: Two months

  • 10 temporary pacemakers
  • 10 cardioversions

Level 2: Six months

  • 100 CIED interrogations/programming

Level 3: 12 to 24 months

  • 150 or more EP cases
  • 75 ablations
  • 30 to 50 atrial fibrillation ablations
  • 10 or more transseptal procedures
  • 75 CEDs (25 ICD, 25 dual-chamber devices, 25 CRT devices)
  • 30 CIED revisions/placements
  • 200 CIED interrogation/programming (100 ICDS, 100 pacemakers)

Assignments

  1. EP Lab – Devices
  2. EP Lab – EPS/Ablations
  3. EP Consults
  4. Outpatient Continuity Clinic
  5. Device Clinic
  6. Research
  7. Research Conference (Monthly)
  8. Core Curriculum Conference (Weekly)
  9. EP Journal Club
  10. EP QI Conference
  11. Clinical Case Conference (Weekly)
  12. Basic EP (Monthly) – includes drugs
  13. Electrocardiography/Noninvasive EP (monitors, tilts)

Explore details on each of these areas below.

EP Lab – Devices

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to train fellows to proficiently and safely implant devices in the appropriate patients.

Objectives

  • By the end of four months, the fellow should:
    • Understand the indications for implantation of ILRs (implantable loop recorders), pacemakers, ICDs and resynchronization devices. (PC,MK)
    • Be able to discuss with the patient the indication for their device, the procedure, risks and benefits. (PC, MK, ISC,P, SBP)
    • Know the co-morbid factors that increase the risk of the procedure planned. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Assist or perform, with supervision, an uncomplicated pacemaker or ICD implant, including pocket formation, vascular access, RA and RV lead placement and pocket closure. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Assist or perform an uncomplicated generator change. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Identify acceptable implant parameters, including pacing and sensing thresholds, and impedance. (PC, MK)
    • Assist in defibrillation threshold testing and understand what an acceptable threshold is. (PC, MK)
    • Assist in the placement of a coronary sinus lead. (PC, MK)
    • Perform, with supervision, the placement of an ILR. (PC, MK)
    • Assist in the management of conscious sedation. (PC, MK, P, SBP, ISC)
  • By the end of eight months, the fellow should:
    • Perform, with supervision, an uncomplicated pacemaker or ICD implant. (PC, MK)
    • Assist or perform, with supervision, a pacemaker or ICD revision, including pocket revision and/or lead revision. (PC, MK)
    • Perform, with supervision, the placement of a coronary sinus lead. (PC, MK)
    • Oversee the management of conscious sedation. (PC, MK, P, SBP, ISC)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should be able to independently perform a pacemaker or ICD implant, including coronary sinus lead placement, and lead or pocket revision. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow is responsible for evaluating and obtaining consent from all patients who will undergo a device implant (in cases which he/she will be participating).
  • The fellow will review labs and other pertinent pre-op data and discuss the case with the EP attending prior to beginning the procedure.
  • The fellow will participate as an assistant or primary operator, depending upon the complexity of the case and his/her stage of training.
  • The fellow will place computer post-op orders and check post-op EKG and CxRs.
  • The fellow will fill in data for computerized report and review with the EP attending.
  • The fellow will follow the patient in recovery, monitoring for any potential complications.
  • The fellow will keep a personal log of all his/her procedures that should be updated in New Innovations. Collected data should procedure description, indication, complications and supervising attending.

Faculty Supervision

Qualified faculty is present for the entirety of every procedure. Fellows assume progressively increasing responsibility, according to their level of education, ability and experience. Before and after procedures, faculty can be reached easily and quickly. The fellow will review the case with the faculty member pre-op, and the attending and fellow will discuss the results of the case post-op.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

At our institution pacemakers, ICDs, biventricular devices, and implantable loop recorders are implanted in a dedicated EP lab, which meets OR specifications. Surgeons do not participate in the cases, but are available for backup. Lead extractions are also performed.  The EP fellow will participate in all of these cases.

Patients encompass a broad spectrum of ages and disease types, and the gender mix is appropriate. Most patients do have some form of insurance. Since we are a tertiary referral base for central Pennsylvania, the ethnicity of our patient population is fairly homogenous, although the socio-economic backgrounds are more diverse. Patients from the Lebanon VA are also referred for implant procedures. Due to the large number of patients with congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathies who are followed at our institution, many of our device patients are very complex and have severe underlying heart disease. Prior to implant, patients have either been evaluated as an outpatient in the clinic or as an EP consult in the hospital. Hospital transfers may be worked up in our observation unit adjacent to the EP lab.

Evaluation

The fellow is continuously being evaluated by the attending via the tutorial process. Every procedure he or she performs is overseen by the attending. Device implants are done concurrently with the other fellowship assignments, throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow receives written evaluations from each of the implanting EP attendings in the form of a procedural checklist every four months and a semi-annual general evaluation, both based on the ACGME core competencies. The EP program director discusses these evaluations with the fellow biannually. The fellow also receives 360-degree evaluations from patients and staff, providing feedback on communication skills and his/her professionalism. In turn, the fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his evaluations. The fellow evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He or she also confidentially evaluates the attendings and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

Besides didactic sessions and self-study from the educational materials listed below, the fellow scrubs as the 1-degree operator on all his implant cases. The attending is also scrubbed and beside the fellow for the entire case, for instruction.

Didactic Sessions

  • M and M (QI) Conference (EP and HVI)
  • Core Curriculum Series
  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Device Conference Series (Monthly) – sponsored by industry
  • Instruction in programming and troubleshooting
  • Outside courses sponsored by device companies or HRS, ACC

EP Lab – EP Studies, Ablations, CVs

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to train fellows to appropriately and safely perform electrophysiologic procedures covering the total spectrum of arrhythmias, both supraventricular and ventricular tachyarrhythmias, as well as bradyarrhythmias.  The fellow will develop expertise in catheter placement, programmed electrical stimulation, endocardial mapping, catheter ablation and interpretation of data.

Objectives

  • By the end of four months, the fellow should:
    • Place all recording catheters for initial study with supervision. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Perform with supervision a basic diagnostic EP study. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Understand and be able to select appropriate diagnostic maneuvers in the assessment of supraventricular and ventricular tachycardia. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Write a procedure report with supervision, including a discussion of the results. (PC, MK, PBLI, SBP, P, ISC)
    • Assist in the mapping of tachycardias (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Understand concepts of electrogram selection in mapping. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Assist in transseptal catheterization. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Perform a cardioversion without supervision. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Assist in the management of conscious sedation. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC)
  • By the end of eight months, the fellow should:
    • Be capable of performing a full diagnostic EP study with minimal supervision. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC)
    • Be capable of teaching the basics of invasive diagnostic EP testing to a cardiology fellow. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC)
    • Perform, with supervision, the mapping of tachycardias. (PC, MK, ISC, PBLI)
    • Be capable of electrogram selection and interpretation, and use of 3-D mapping system. (PC, MK, ISC, PBLI)
    • Perform transseptal catheterization with supervision. (PC, MK, ISC, PBLI)
    • Oversee the management of conscious sedation. (PC, MK, ISC)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Be capable of independently performing ablation procedures (with the exception of more advanced ablations, such as those for atrial fibrillation). (PC, MK, ISC, PBLI, SBP)
    • Be capable of performing transseptal catheterization without supervision. (PC, MK, ISC)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow is responsible for evaluating and consenting all patients who will undergo an EP study/ablation (in cases which he/she will be participating).
  • The fellow will review labs and other pertinent pre-op data and discuss the case with the EP attending prior to beginning the procedure.
  • The fellow will participate as an assistant or primary operator, depending upon the complexity of the case and his/her stage of training.
  • The fellow will place computer post-op orders and check post-op EKG and CxRs.
  • The fellow will fill in data for computerized report and review with the EP attending.
  • The fellow will follow the patient in recovery, monitoring for any potential complications.
  • The fellow will keep a personal log of all his/her procedures. Collected data should include patient name, medical record number, date and time of procedure, indication, complications, and supervising attending.

Faculty Supervision

Qualified faculty is present for the entirety of every procedure. Fellows assume progressively increasing responsibility, according to their level of education, ability and experience. Before and after procedures, faculty can be reached easily and quickly.  The fellow will review the case with the faculty member pre-op, and the attending and fellow will discuss the results of the case post-op.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

At our institution electrophysiology studies and ablations are done in a dedicated EP lab with dedicated EP trained staff. Cardioversions are performed in the EP or cath labs, as well as emergency department or intensive care units. Sedation is managed by the EP attending and fellow. The fellow participates in all EP procedures. As the fellow gains increasing proficiency over the course of training, he/she will gradually assume increasing independence.

Patients encompass a broad spectrum of ages and disease types, and the gender mix is appropriate.  Most patients have some form of insurance. Since we are a tertiary referral base for Central PA, the ethnicity of our patient population is fairly homogenous, although the socioeconomic backgrounds are more diverse. Patients from the Lebanon VA Hospital are also referred for invasive EP procedures.  A significant number of patients are referred by our congenital heart disease and heart failure groups. Therefore, many of our procedures involve patients with complex and severe underlying heart disease.

The fellows also participate in pediatric invasive EP procedures with our pediatric electrophysiologist. Prior to EP procedures, patients have either been evaluated as an outpatient in EP clinic or as an EP consult in the hospital. Hospital transfers are evaluated pre-procedure in our observation unit adjacent to the EP lab.

Evaluation

The fellow is continuously evaluated by the attending via the tutorial process. Every procedure he/she performs is overseen by the attending, who directly evaluates the fellow’s cognitive and technical skills. EP studies, ablations and cardioversions are done concurrently with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. Every four months, the fellow receives a written evaluation from each of the EP attendings in the form of a procedural checklist. Semi-annual general evaluations are also provided by each EP attending. All evaluations are based on the ACGME core competencies. The EP program director discusses the evaluations with the fellow. The fellow also receives a 360-degree evaluation from patients and staff, providing feedback on their communication and teaching skills, as well as their perceived professionalism. In turn, the fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she also confidentially evaluates the attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

Besides didactic sessions and self-study from the educational materials listed below, the fellow scrubs as the 1-degree operator. The attending is also scrubbed and beside the fellow for the entire case, for instruction.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conferences
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • EKG Conference

EP Consults

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to train fellows to competently consult on patients with the entire spectrum of arrhythmia disorders.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Be competent in obtaining a full history with a focus on the pertinent facts pertaining to the question posed to the EP service. (PC, MK, ISC, P)
    • Be capable of independently developing a differential diagnosis and diagnostic plan for the evaluation of clinical problems encountered in the hospital setting including: syncope, cardiac arrest, wide complex tachycardia, narrow complex tachycardia and bradycardia. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Be capable of acute management of clinical problems including cardiac arrest, wide complex tachycardia, atrial fibrillation with rapid ventricular response, and complete heart block, with minimal supervision. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC)
    • Be capable of temporary transvenous pacemaker placement, with minimal supervision. (PC, MK)
    • Perform, with supervision, the analysis and troubleshooting of pacemakers and ICDs. (PC, MK, ISC)
    • Be capable of independent evaluation of telemetry strips and EKGs. (PC, MK)
    • Be capable of discussing clearly and professionally with other physicians, staff, patients and their family the findings, opinions, and recommendations of the EP service. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Be capable of independently providing inpatient EP consultation services. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Be capable of performing, without supervision, the analysis and troubleshooting of implantable devices. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow is responsible for seeing inpatient arrhythmia consults in a timely manner, and writing a consult note on the chart.
  • The fellow will present the case to the EP consult attending, with whom an evaluation and treatment plan will be discussed.
  • The fellow will obtain consent for any invasive EP procedure that is planned.
  • The fellow will participate in any EP invasive procedures required for the consult patients he/she is following.
  • The fellow will write follow-up note on the chart, if needed, to provide information on test results and revise recommendations.
  • The fellow will assist in communicating with the primary team requesting the consult.
  • The fellow will interact with the patient and the family, providing education and answering questions. The fellow will assume a bigger role in this duty as he/she progresses in training.

Faculty Supervision

The fellow will present each consult patient case to the EP attending at the bedside at which time the evaluation and treatment plan will be discussed. All EP procedures will be conducted with the EP attending present. In the case of an urgent or emergent consult, the EP attending will be in attendance with the fellow for the initial evaluation and to stabilize the patient.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

The EP consult team is asked to see inpatients with both “tachy” and “brady” arrhythmia problems. Patients are seen in the emergency department, medical and surgical ICUs, floor and telemetry units, and labor and delivery.  The disease mix is both complex and varied, including patients who are pregnant, post heart or liver transplant, have congenital heart disease or being treated in our cancer center.  There is an appropriate gender mix, and wide span of ages seen. The ethnicity of our patient population is fairly homogenous, but with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Patients seen in consult may need electrical or chemical cardioversion, temporary or permanent pacing, or an EP study with possible ablation. A variety of noninvasive tests are also employed to aid in arrhythmia diagnosis.

Evaluations

EP consults are done concurrently with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The EP attendings are responsible for covering the EP consult service on a rotating basis and are able to directly assess the fellow’s progress over time. The fellow’s consultative skills are evaluated semi-annually by all EP attending. The evaluation used is based on the ACGME core competencies; the EP program director discusses the evaluations with the fellow. The fellow also receives 360-degree evaluations from patients and staff, providing feedback on their communication and teaching skills, as well as their perceived professionalism. In turn, the fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she also confidentially evaluates the attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the EP attending and fellow.  The fellow also learns by instructing general fellows, residents and medical students, as well as the patient and their family. Other important methods are self-study, and participating in the didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • EKG Conference
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Outpatient Continuity Clinic

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to train fellows to skillfully approach patients referred for EP evaluation. He/she will be able to develop an appropriate assessment and plan for the new patients, and understand the appropriate follow-up for those with devices or needing antiarrhythmic drug therapy.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Obtain a full history, focusing on the pertinent facts relating to the EP question. (PC, MK, ISC, P)
    • Be capable of independently developing a differential diagnosis plan. (PC, MK, PBLI, SBP)
    • Be capable of independent evaluation of the results of outpatient monitoring and tilt table testing. (PC, MK)
    • Be capable of discussing, clearly and professionally, the nature of the EP problem, as well as findings and recommendations, with the patient and referring physician. (PC, MK, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Be capable of providing clear and professional documentation of patient office visits, results and plans in the medical records. (PC, MK, ISC, P, SBP)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should be capable of independently assessing the continuing outpatient care of the EP patient, and adjusting their care as needed. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will attend his assigned continuity clinic half a day a week, which is supervised by an EP attending.
  • The fellow will independently obtain the appropriate history, physician examination, interpret the EKG and other pertinent tests, and formulate an assessment and plan for new patients in the clinic.
  • When an electrophysiologic procedure is planned, the fellow will discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with the patient.
  • The fellow will dictate a letter documenting the office visit to the referring physician.
  • The fellow will see the patient in clinic for follow-up post procedure, to provide continuity of care.
  • The fellow will also see patients with chronic arrhythmia problems and participate in the decision-making regarding anti-arrhythmic drug therapy, as well as noninvasive testing.
  • The fellow will discuss each patient seen with the attending electrophysiologist.

Faculty Supervision

The fellow will discuss each patient he/she sees in the clinic with the EP attending.  The attending will also see the patient to confirm and help explain the findings and recommendations of the fellow.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

The fellow may be assigned to outpatient continuity clinic at I.O. Silver Cardiovascular Specialties Clinic or the Nyes Road outpatient clinic. At each site, a wide range of noninvasive cardiac testing is available.  Patients are referred and followed from a wide geographic region, including State College, Shamokin, Waynesboro, Wilkes-Barre and Hanover. The full spectrum of electrophysiological disorders are represented. There is an appropriate gender mix and adults of all ages are represented. Since the region represented is central Pennsylvania, the patient population is fairly homogenous, but with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds.  Patients may be referred for anti-arrhythmic drug therapy, ablation or device implant.  Additionally, evaluation of syncope and palpitations is a common reason for referral.

Evaluations

Outpatient continuity clinic is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow is supervised in clinic by the same EP attending all year. The fellow’s clinical progress is observed on a weekly basis by the attending.  The attending reviews and edits the fellow’s letters to referring physicians and provides feedback to the fellow. The fellow observes the attending physician’s interaction with patients in the clinic. The fellow is provided with immediate feedback during each case discussion with the attending. Additionally, the fellow receives written semi-annual evaluation from their clinic attending. This evaluation is based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellow also receives 360-degree evaluations from patients and clinic staff, providing feedback on communication skills and his/her professionalism. In turn, the fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his evaluations. The fellow evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she also confidentially evaluates the attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the EP clinic attending and fellow. The fellow learns by educating patients and their families. Other important methods are self-study, and participating in the didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • EKG Conference
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Device Clinic

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to train the fellow to competently follow pacemakers, ICDs, biventricular devices and implantable loop recorders. Additionally, he/she will learn to interpret and troubleshoot abnormal data, and program the appropriate prescription changes.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Understand the normal wound healing process after device implant, and discern when wounds are abnormal due to infection or hematoma. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Be able to interrogate and do simple reprogramming on all commonly used pacemakers and defibrillators. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Independently interpret telemetry data and measure pacemaker pacing and sensing thresholds. (PC, MK)
    • Understand indications for device replacement. (PC, MK, SBP)
    • With supervision, evaluate for lead malfunction. (PC, MK)
    • With supervision, interpret stored intracardiac electrograms and delivered therapies. (PC, MK)
    • With supervision, troubleshoot and make appropriate prescription changes to pacemakers and ICDs. (PC, MK)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Independently program appropriate prescription changes to devices based on patient symptoms, or abnormal telemetered/measured data. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Have mastered the techniques of device follow-up, reprogramming, indications for device replacement and evaluation of defective leads. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will attend device clinic half a day per week.
  • He/she will work with technicians initially, and as their expertise improves, will have a more independent role in device checks and reprogramming.
  • The fellow will see patients in follow-up post device implantation, to evaluate wound healing.
  • If a new arrhythmia, device abnormality or end of life parameter is found, the fellow will discuss findings with the EP attending.
  • The fellow will also help manage acute device reprogramming issues at times other than their assigned clinic.
  • The fellow will discuss new findings with the patient.

Faculty Supervision

An EP attending is available for consultation at all times.  Acute problems found in device clinic will be managed by the fellow and attending together.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

The majority of patients with devices implanted at Hershey Medical Center are followed in our hospital–based device clinic. Follow-up of pacemakers, ICDs, biventricular devices and implantable loop recorders is based here at our facility. Devices manufactured by the major pacemaker companies are represented. Adults of all ages are followed, many with complex cardiac problems and arrhythmias. Most patients seen are there for a routine follow-up, but patients with acute problems are also seen.  The fellow may also see some of these patients in the emergency department, as an inpatient, or in the operating room. Troubleshooting of acute problems and reprogramming of devices is frequently required.

Evaluations

Device clinic is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. This clinic is overseen by all the EP attendings who implant devices. Since all device problems and changes in device therapy/prescriptions are discussed with an EP attending, the fellow’s progress in device clinic is easily monitored. The fellow is provided with immediate feedback during each case discussion with the attending. Additionally, the fellow receives written semi-annual evaluation from each of the EP device attending. This evaluation is based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellow also receives 360-degree evaluations from patients and device clinic staff, providing feedback on communication skills and his/her professionalism. In turn, the fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his evaluations. The fellow evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He or she also confidentially evaluates the EP attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The fellow will acquire extensive experience observing wound healing in follow-up of device patients and using pacemaker programming to evaluate and reprogram devices. He/she will be working alongside and learning from the device technician and nurses. They will learn much technical expertise regarding pacemaker programmers from the technicians.

The EP attending will provide clinical guidance in evaluation of measured data and stored/intracardiac electrograms. The fellow learns by instructing the general cardiology fellows in device evaluation and reprogramming. The fellow also learns by educating patients and their families about changes in their device and heart rhythm status.

Other important methods are self-study and participating in the didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • EKG Conference
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Research

Goal

The purpose of this rotation is to provide the fellow with a meaningful EP research experience and enable the fellow to critically assess medical literature with regard to new therapies and techniques.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Have identified an EP attending as his/her research mentor and selected a suitable EP-related clinical research project. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Understand steps required for IRB approval, if required for their project. (MK, P, ISC)
    • Have presented the proposed project at EP research conference, with the help of their mentor. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Have presented multiple journal articles at EP conferences, critically appraising the data and recommendations, with the assistance of the EP faculty. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Be familiar with the significance of ongoing EP-related multicenter trials our faculty is participating in. (PC, MK, PBLI, SBP)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Have completed their research project and analyzed the data. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Have presented findings of the project at EP research conference to receive input from the remainder of the EP faculty and fellows. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Have an abstract written, or planned for submission to a major scientific meeting the following year. It is expected that a manuscript will also be ultimately prepared for publication in a peer reviewed journal the following year. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
    • Be able to independently analyze and critique scientific published EP literature to decide whether the information should change their clinical practice. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will discuss potential research projects with EP faculty, and with his/her chosen mentor, picking a project that best suit his/her needs.
  • The fellow will perform the required literature search.
  • With the help of his/her EP mentor, the fellow will design a protocol.
  • The fellow will participate in obtaining the necessary IRB approval, and preparation of consent forms.
  • The fellow will present the proposed research protocol at EP research conference.
  • The fellow will take the lead in recruiting patients, obtaining consent, collecting and analyzing data.
  • The fellow will discuss findings or problems with their EP research mentor.
  • The fellow will present findings of their research project at an EP research conference.
  • The fellow will prepare an abstract, using their data, to submit to a major scientific meeting.
  • The fellow’s goal should be to write a manuscript for publication based on their acquired data.
  • The fellow will identify potential patients for multicenter clinical trials, from the patients they encounter in the inpatient and outpatient settings.
  • The fellow is responsible for compiling a portfolio of their written material produced during their training period.

Faculty Supervision

The fellows chosen research mentor will guide and advise throughout the project. Additionally, all EP faculty will provide instruction in the analysis and critical appraisal of scientific papers presented at EP conference. They will also provide input in the preparation of abstracts and manuscripts.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

The chosen clinical research project can pertain to any of our EP (invasive or noninvasive) procedures or a wide range of arrhythmia problems encountered. Although it is assumed that a clinical project will be chosen, the fellow may decide to work with one of our basic scientists in the cardiology department who study the autonomic nervous system. Our patients represent adults of all ages and there is an appropriate gender mix. Since the region represented is central Pennsylvania, the patient population is fairly homogenous, but with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. There are a significant number of patients followed at Hershey Medical Center who have congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathies with heart failure. Our multicenter trials mainly pertain to implantable devices or antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The fellow will contact the attending Principal Investigator or research nurse coordinator regarding enrolling one of their patients in a trial. Eligible patients for research studies may come from the inpatient or outpatient setting.

Evaluations

Research is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow’s research mentor is his/her primary evaluator in this area. However, all the EP attendings will evaluate the fellow’s progress in analyzing assigned scientific articles for EP conference. Immediate feedback is given by the faculty regarding research presentations, abstracts and manuscripts. The fellow receives a written semi-annual evaluation from all the EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she confidentially evaluates the EP attending and program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellow and the EP faculty. Other important methods are self-study, and participating in the didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Research Conference

Goal

The purpose of this conference is to help teach the fellow the principles of sound scientific research.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Have consistently attended EP research conferences. (MK)
    • Have presented their proposed research project at one of the conferences, with the help of their mentor. (MK, PBLI, ISC, SBP)
    • Be aware of the multicenter trials available for their EP patients. (MK, PBLI, SBP)
    • Be aware of the clinical research interests/projects of the EP faculty. (MK, PBLI, SBP)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Have consistently attended research conferences and participated in discussions. (MK, PBLI, ISC, SBP)
    • Have presented the findings of their research project. (MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will attend EP research conferences; attendance is mandatory.
  • The fellow will research and prepare a proposal and present this to the EP group at this conference.
  • The fellow will actively participate in the other research conferences, striving to provide useful input to the project of their colleagues.
  • The fellow will analyze and present their final research data at the conference.

Faculty Supervision

The EP faculty is present for all research conferences providing constructive input. In the past, this input has proved to be valuable to the success of the fellows research projects, leading to publication.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

The chosen clinical research project can pertain to any of our EP (invasive or noninvasive) procedures or a wide range of arrhythmia problems encountered. Although it is assumed that a clinical project will be chosen, the fellow may decide to work with one of our basic scientists in the cardiology department who study the autonomic nervous system. Our patients represent adults of all ages and there is an appropriate gender mix. Since the region represented is central Pennsylvania, the patient population is fairly homogenous, but with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. There are a significant number of patients followed at Hershey Medical Center who have congenital heart disease and cardiomyopathies with heart failure. Our multicenter trials mainly pertain to implantable devices or antiarrhythmic drug therapy. The fellow will contact the attending Principal Investigator or research nurse coordinator regarding enrolling one of their patients in a trial. Eligible patients for research studies may come from the inpatient or outpatient setting.

Evaluations

The EP Research Conference occurs monthly and is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. Although the fellow’s research mentor is his/her primary evaluator in this area, all the EP attendings provide immediate feedback regarding their presentations at the conference. The fellow receives a written semi-annual evaluation from the EP faculty based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellow performs a self evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she confidentially evaluates the EP attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellow and the EP faculty. Other important methods are self-study and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Core Curriculum Conference

Goal

The purpose of this conference is to provide the fellow with a solid knowledge base in the subspecialty of Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology.

Objectives

During the course of a year, the fellow will have some knowledge of all the major topics in CCEP, including basic science. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will consistently attend this weekly conference; attendance is mandatory
  • The fellow will read the assigned material prior to the conference and be prepared to actively participate in the discussion.

Faculty Supervision

At least one EP attending will be present at the weekly core conference to help teach and answer questions. Faculty will also be available at other times to discuss questions when they arise.

Evaluations

The Core Curriculum Conference occurs weekly and is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow’s attendance is monitored by the fellowship director. The EP attending can observe, on a weekly basis, the fellow’s improving knowledge based and motivation to learn. Immediate feedback is provided regarding the fellow’s understanding of a particular topic. The fellow also receives a written semi-annual evaluation from all EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she confidentially evaluates the EP attending and EP program director.

Teaching Methods

This planned course is in a board review format. The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellow, their peers and the EP faculty. Other important methods are self-study of the assigned reference materials, and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

EP Journal Club

Goal

The purpose of this conference is to allow the fellow exposure to and discussion of both the recent and classic important EP literature.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should be able to present and provide a critical analysis of a journal article with guidance by an EP attending. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should have knowledge of the major classic and recent EP articles. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The EP fellows will all read and critically review the assigned journal club articles prior to the meeting time.
  • An EP fellow will be assigned to present and critically analyze each article.
  • The fellow will attend all monthly EP Journal Clubs, even if he/she is not scheduled to present an article.

Faculty Supervision

EP Journal Club is attended by all EP faculty.  Generally, a faculty member chooses the article(s) to discuss, and assigns a fellow to review the article. All faculty are provided with a copy of the article several prior to the conference, and are available to address questions with the fellow prior to their presentation. After the fellow’s presentation at conference, the EP attendings present provide instruction and insight regarding the subject matter. This should prompt the fellow to study further and review related articles.

Evaluations

The EP Journal Club is a monthly conference, concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow’s attendance is mandatory and monitored by the EP fellowship director.  Over time, the EP attending can observe the fellow’s improving skills in presenting and analyzing articles. Immediate feedback is provided to the fellow at the conference by the EP faculty. The fellow also receives a written semi-annual evaluation from all EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The EP fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation, as well as a confidential evaluation of the EP attending and EP program director. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellows and the EP faculty. The other important methods are self-study of the assigned and related articles, and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

EP Quality Improvement (QI) Conference

Goal

The purpose of this conference is to train fellows to identify potential problems in patient care and find ways to improve patient safety.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should, with guidance from an EP attending, be able to identify system problems in patient care and propose a plan to prevent future problems. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should be able to independently identify system problems and implement changes to improve the safety of their patients. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, P, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will attend all monthly QI conferences and participate in the discussions to provide solutions to system problems.
  • The fellow will present cases at this conference, with the help of an attending involved in the case.
  • The fellow’s presentation will include identifying system problems and potential solutions to improve patient safety.
  • The presenting fellow will do a literature search to identify the scope of the problem and best practice data with guidelines.

Faculty Supervision

The EP QI conference is attended by all EP faculty. An EP attending will help the fellow chose a case (or problem) to present, and be available to discuss the case with the fellow prior to the conference. The EP faculty will provide constructive input regarding the potential system problem and ways to correct the problem.

Evaluations

The EP QI Conference occurs monthly, concurrently with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow’s attendance is mandatory and monitored by the EP fellowship director. Over time, the EP attending can observe the fellow’s improving skills in identifying system problems and devising a QI plan. Immediate feedback from the EP faculty is provided to the fellow at the conference. The fellow also receives a written semi-annual evaluation from all EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The EP fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation, and completes a confidential evaluation of the EP attendings and EP fellowship director. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellows and the EP faculty. The other important methods utilized are self-study of the assigned cases and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

 Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Clinical Case Conference

Goal

The purpose of this conference is to train fellows in the clinical and technical concepts required of a practicing CCEP physician.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Be able to discuss with faculty and staff the EP maneuvers required to diagnose arrhythmias. (PC, MK, ISC)
    • Choose the appropriate catheter for the case after consultation with faculty. (PC, MK, SBP, ISC)
    • Be able to diagnose the arrhythmia based on intracardiac electrograms. (PC, MK)
    • Have a basic understanding of the imaging and mapping modalities used in the EP lab. (PC, MK)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should have knowledge of the major classic and recent EP articles.
    • Be capable of leading a discussion regarding the diagnostic maneuvers used in each case. (PC, MK, ISC, P)
    • Independently choose the diagnostic catheters needed for each case. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Teach colleagues how to interpret intracardiac electrogram. (PC, MK, ISC, P)
    • Be able to independently apply information obtained from imaging and mapping modalities used in the EP lab. (PC, MK, PBLI)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will attend the weekly conference and actively participate in all case discussions.
  • The fellow will ask questions about concepts that are not clear to him/her. 

Faculty Supervision

The EP attending involved in the case typically goes over the data and reviews electrograms with all the fellows in the lab. The faculty member leads the discussion and answers questions and instructs in the interpretation of electrograms.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

Cases discussed in this conference involve EP studies and ablations of all types of arrhythmias. Patients are referred from a wide region in central Pennsylvania. Many patients have very complex cardiac problems, due to congenital heart diseases or cardiomyopathy. Both adult and pediatric cases are reviewed, with an appropriate gender mix.

Evaluations

The Clinical Case Conference occurs weekly and is concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow’s attendance is monitored by the fellowship director. The EP attending can observe, on a weekly basis, the fellow’s improving skills and understanding. Immediate feedback is provided to the fellow regarding his/her understanding on a particular EP concept. The fellow also receives a written semi-annual evaluation from each of the EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she completes a confidential evaluation of each of the EP attending and the EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellows and the EP faculty. The other important methods are self-study of the assigned cases and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Basic EP

Goal

The purpose of this assignment is to assure the trainee an understanding of the basic EP cellular mechanisms as they relate to clinical practice.

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Have attended the monthly basic EP conferences, and attained an understanding of the articles discussed there. (MK, PBLI)
    • Have an understanding of the normal cardiac rhythm, including action potentials and ion channels. (MK)
    • Understand the determinants of normal conduction. (MK)
    • Know the genesis of tachyarrhythmias. (MK)
    • Know antiarrhythmic drug actions. (MK)
  • By the end of 12 month,s the fellow should be able to lead discussions of basic EP articles at conference and teach basic EP cellular mechanisms. They should be able to apply this knowledge to clinical practice. (PC, MK, PBLI, ISC, SBP)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties

  • The fellow will read and study the assigned basic EP articles.
  • He/she will help present and teach the material at conferences.

Faculty Supervision

EP faculty are present at all conferences where basic EP topics are discussed. The EP faculty help teach and answer questions. They are also present during EP studies, consults and clinic visits to relate clinical experiences to basic cellular concepts.

Evaluations

The Basic EP Conference occurs monthly and is attended by the EP faculty. The fellows attendance is monitored by the fellowship director. The EP attending can monitor, over time, the fellows developing understanding of basic EP principles. At the other conferences, EP clinic, consults, and during analysis of EP study intracardiac electrograms, the attending can observe how the fellow applies these concepts to their clinical decisions. The fellow receives immediate feedback on his/her understanding on a particular EP concept. The fellow also receives a written semi-annual evaluation from each of the EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she completes a confidential evaluation of each of the EP attending and the EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellows and the EP faculty. The other important methods are self-study and participation in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Electrocardiography/Noninvasive EP

Objectives

  • By the end of six months, the fellow should:
    • Be adept at interpreting EKG’s with complex arrhythmias. (PC, MK)
    • Understand the indications for ordering noninvasive studies, including Holter monitors, loop recorders and tilt table testing. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Be able to interpret data obtained from noninvasive EP testing, with the aid of the EP attendings. (PC, MK, ISC)
  • By the end of 12 months, the fellow should:
    • Have taught an EKG conference for the general cardiology fellows. (PC, MK, ISC)
    • Understand the protocol and be capable of independently conducting tilt table tests. (PC, MK, PBLI)
    • Be able to independently interpret data obtained from noninvasive EP testing and make therapeutic decisions based on the results. (PC, MK, PBLI)

Fellow Responsibilities/Duties:

  • The fellow will review all EKGs of patients they are seeing in consult and in the clinic.
  • The fellow will review the ambulatory monitor tracings of their consult and clinic patients.
  • The fellow will participate in tilt table tests when possible.

Faculty Supervision

The fellow will discuss with the attending whether a particular diagnostic noninvasive test is indicated prior to ordering the test. After first reviewing the noninvasive study, the fellow will discuss results and therapeutic plan with an EP attending.

Procedures/Patient Characteristics/Disease Mix/Types of Encounters

Evaluations: We have a dedicated space and staff for the tilt table testing. A specialized tilt table and Finapress monitor is used. Our hospital offers a variety of ambulatory monitoring services, including Holters and loop recorders. (King of Hearts, Cardionet) The EP service analyzes the tracings. These tests may be ordered by any inpatient service, emergency department physician or through any of our Penn State-sponsored clinics in the region. The full spectrum of electrophysiologic disorders are represented. There is an appropriate gender mix and adults of all ages are represented. Most patients have some form of insurance. Since the region represented is central Pennsylvania, the patient population is fairly homogenous, but with diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Patients are commonly being evaluated for the effect of antiarrhythmic drug therapy or etiology of syncope or palpitations.

Evaluations

The noninvasive EP rotation runs concurrent with the other fellowship assignments throughout the 12-month training period. The fellow is supervised by the EP attending and their skill can be observed over time by all EP faculty. The fellow is provided with immediate feedback during each discussion with the attending regarding the study data or resultant therapeutic plan. Additionally, the fellow receives a written semi-annual evaluation from each of the EP faculty, based on the ACGME core competencies. The fellowship director then meets with the fellow to discuss his/her progress. The fellow performs a self-evaluation after reviewing his/her evaluations. The fellow also evaluates and provides input to the curriculum. He/she completes a confidential evaluation of each of the EP attending and the EP program director.

Teaching Methods

The primary teaching method employed is tutorial between the fellows and the EP attending. Also, the fellow learns by teaching general cardiology fellows, medicine residents and medical students. The other important methods are self-study and participating in the other didactic sessions listed below.

Didactic Sessions

  • Journal Club
  • Research Conference
  • Basic Science Conference
  • M and M (QI) Conferences (EP and HVI)
  • Clinical Case Conference
  • Core Curriculum Conference
  • Medicine Core Competency Conferences
  • Cardiology and HVI Grand Rounds

Educational Materials

Textbooks

  • Zipes and Jalife: Cardiac Electrophysiology from Cell to Bedside. WB Saunders
  • Josephson: Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology. Lippincott
  • Chou: Electrocardiography in Clinical Practice. Saunders
  • Pacing Textbooks

Journals

  • Heart Rhythm
  • Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology (JCE)
  • Journal of Interventional Cardiovascular Electrophysiology (JICE)
  • Pacing and Cardiac Electrophysiology (PACE)
  • All articles assigned for EP conferences

Websites

To Apply

All applications are accepted through the Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS). The application deadline is Jan. 31.

Eligibility

Qualified candidates will be:

  • U.S. citizens, permanent residents or holders of J-1 visas (no additional visa types are sponsored)
  • Board-certified in internal medicine
  • Board-eligible in cardiovascular disease
  • Pennsylvania medical training license eligible

Required Supporting Documents

The following documents should be uploaded to ERAS for review:

  • ERAS application, including current photograph
  • Personal statement
  • Curriculum vitae
  • USMLE or COMLEX transcript
  • ECFMG certificate (if applicable)
  • Three letters of recommendation, including one from current program director

Interview Process

All interviews are by invitation only and are conducted in February. Candidates selected to interview will be contacted by the program coordinator.

Faculty

Current Fellows

Past Fellows

Contact Us

Mailing Address

Penn State Heart and Vascular Institute
Clinical Cardiac Electrophysiology Fellowship Program
500 University Drive
PO Box 850, MC H047
Hershey, PA 17033

General Contact Information

Phone: 717-531-6746

Email: asmith5@pennstatehealth.psu.edu

Penn State College of Medicine is an equal-opportunity employer and accepts all qualified applications regardless of their gender, ethnic origin or religious background.