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“At the Penn State Eye Center residency education is cornerstone to our departmental mission. We strive to create a collaborative team approach to the medical and surgical treatment of complex ophthalmic disease, providing the guidance and resources for our residents to develop the skills and tools they need to grow into future leaders in field of ophthalmology. We hope you enjoy getting to learn more about our program!”
Many factors combine to distinguish the Ophthalmology Residency at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center as a leader in ophthalmology resident education:
- The program is associated with Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health, the leading academic health system in central Pennsylvania.
- The faculty of full-time ophthalmologists have expertise in all of the subspecialty areas in ophthalmology.
- The program size allows for ample opportunities to interact on a one-to-one basis with faculty.
- The patient population is interested in joining with faculty and residents to optimize their health care.
- The program is committed to provide the best in clinical and surgical education through direct patient care and a variety of innovative and effective educational programs.
Residents entering the program must have successfully completed a post-graduate clinical year (PGY-1) in a program accredited by the ACGME or the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada.
“My favorite part of being at the Penn State Eye Center is working with the residents so that the care patients receive is better than what I can provide by myself. Resident education is not just one of our core missions, it is the life of our department. Educating the next generation of eye care providers is the highlight of my day-to-day interactions.”
- More than 22 full-time faculty with expertise in the major ophthalmic subspecialties (cornea; general eye care; glaucoma; neuro-ophthalmology; medical retina; oculoplastic surgery; ophthalmic pathology; pediatric ophthalmology; vitreoretinal surgery)
- Resident-focused program admitting three residents per year; no fellows
- The ratio of faculty to residents is greater than 2:1
- Full ACGME accreditation
- Two clinical sites (Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center for two-thirds of the program and Lebanon VA Medical Center for the remaining third)
- State-of-the-art facilities and equipment
- Optimum balance of medical and surgical training and resident autonomy and supervision
- Highly collaborative environment among faculty, residents and staff
- Supportive learning environment with ample opportunities to interact with faculty, fellow residents and medical students
- Innovative surgical training program with state-of-the-art Clinical Simulation Center
- Access to dedicated resources on ophthalmology from Harrell Health Sciences Library
- Dedicated resident research experience (all residents have had their research accepted for presentation at ARVO)
- Exceptional fellowship match success at top fellowship programs
Learn More about the Residency
“We appreciate your interest in our residency program. Our diverse faculty, residents, and staff work together to create a truly exceptional ophthalmology residency training experience right here in Hershey, Pennsylvania – the sweetest place on earth!”
- to provide the highest quality eye care to our patients
- to enhance this care through education and research
- to create an environment where our people can develop professionally and find fulfillment in their work
Our Shared Values
- to recruit faculty and residents who are passionate about ophthalmology and ophthalmology education
- to create a supportive and empowering learning environment where motivated individuals can thrive
- to provide the essential elements (people, equipment, and experiences) to enable our people to achieve their personal and professional goals in Hershey and beyond
General Application Information
During enrollment, eligible applicants for the Ophthalmology Residency must apply through the Central Application Service of the San Francisco Match Program for Ophthalmology (SF Match), sponsored by the Association of University Professors of Ophthalmology. Applications are reviewed by members of the faculty and the residency program director. Interviews are then offered to outstanding candidates.
Prospective residents are evaluated based on their preparedness, ability, aptitude, academic credentials, communication skills and personal qualities such as motivation and integrity. While the USMLE score is a factor that is considered, the program does not have a set minimum score requirement. The application review committee looks at all aspects of an application to determine interview status.
The Ophthalmology Residency does not discriminate with regard to sex, race, age, religion, color, national origin, disability or veteran status.
Application Guidelines and Prerequisites
Applicants must also apply for a PGY-1 preliminary spot in Internal Medicine, General Surgery, Pediatrics, etc., through the National Residency Matching Program (NRMP) in addition to their application for a PGY-2 ophthalmology residency position through the San Francisco Match Program.
The program typically receives more than 100 times the applications as there are positions available (three).
MD and DO applications are both reviewed, as are those from international or foreign medical graduates, though the program only sponsors J-1 visas.
Because of Pennsylvania licensure requirements, applicants must complete University of Pittsburgh Child Abuse Reporter Training.
While the Ophthalmology Residency is not an integrated program, many residents complete their internship year at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center as well.
Oct. 1 is the deadline for applications. Interviews are conducted in November and December.
The Department of Ophthalmology consists of more than 20 faculty members representing the major ophthalmic subspecialties including: cornea/external diseases; general eye care; glaucoma; medical retina; neuro-ophthalmology; oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery; ophthalmic pathology; pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus; vision rehabilitation; and vitreoretinal surgery.
Collectively, the faculty members have over 200 years of ophthalmology experience and have trained at a variety of institutions – both big and small — including fellowships at the country’s premier fellowship programs. Penn State Ophthalmology bonds are strong: one-third of the faculty are residency program alumni who chose to return to Hershey to live and work.
A critically important component of their job as members of the Penn State faculty is to help residents reach their potential as individuals and ophthalmologists.
“We are … thankful for the opportunity to practice, teach, and explore Ophthalmology together.”
How do the residents describe the program and their fellow residents?
When asked to list three words that capture the essence of the program, the residents used words like: supportive; collaborative; collegial. They described their fellow residents as: passionate; hardworking; team-oriented; generous; empathetic.
Residency training is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity and should be one of the best learning experiences of your life. Regardless of where you match, you will learn to practice ophthalmology. But why not choose a place where the learning environment is supportive, collaborative, collegial and your fellow residents are passionate, hardworking and team-oriented?
Cataract Surgery Training
- EYESI Computer Simulator
- Microsurgery Wet Lab
- Supervised curriculum by leading cataract surgeons
- 24/7/365 access for independent training
- Phacoemulsiﬁcation and femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery training
- Toric and multifocal lens experience
- Ability to attend national cataract surgery training courses
Ophthalmology training at Penn State strives to achieve the optimum balance of supervision and autonomy, medical and surgical experiences, classroom and hands-on training.
Most days begin with a basic and clinical science conference series where faculty and residents explore all things ophthalmology. In addition to the daily conference schedule, several recurring monthly programs include: Grand Rounds/Visiting Professor series, Quality Improvement, and a department-wide TEAM Ophthalmology meeting for faculty, residents and staff.
The program holds dedicated review sessions to ensure residents are well-prepared for the annual OKAP exam and, ultimately, the American Board of Ophthalmology written qualifying and oral board examinations.
The surgical education program includes didactic, simulation and hands-on experiences. Surgical simulation models have been developed for many ocular surgeries including cataract surgery, strabismus surgery, intravitreal injections, oculoplastic and reconstructive surgery. Hands-on surgical training begins in year one and involves one-on-one interaction with outstanding surgeon-educators.
The program’s surgical volume exceeds the ACGME requirements in all categories and in some cases ranks among the top in the nation.
A Day in the Life of a Resident
At a glance
What a Penn State Ophthalmology Resident’s day might look like:
- 7 a.m. – morning lecture
- 7:50 a.m. – Starbucks run
- 8:30 a.m. – VA OR
- Noon – Lunch at Queso Dee’as or A&M Pizza with the attending and co-residents
- 1 p.m. – Clinic (Procedures: YAG, SLT, PRP, injections, biopsies, etc.)
- 5 p.m. – Lens calcs with seniors
- 6 p.m. – Family time!
- 10 p.m. – Last minute retina prep (quiz on Chapter 6 in the morning)
The day begins at 7 a.m. and typically wraps up by 5:30 or 6 p.m. The program does everything it can to limit evening and weekend responsibilities so everyone can invest and flourish in their personal lives in addition to ophthalmology. The reality is you can do both.
Resident call is reasonable. The PGY-2 and PGY-3 residents share first call while the PGY-4 residents provide backup and surgical call. Residents are supervised by two faculty attendings: one for general call and another for surgical retina emergencies. Call takes place at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. During the PGY-2 and PGY-3 years, call is every sixth night and sixth weekend (Fri-Sat-Sun). Call is from home. PGY-4 residents initially accompany the PGY-2 residents during the first month of call. Following this orientation period, PGY-4 residents provide backup and surgical call every third week. If you need to come in as a PGY-4 resident, it usually is for a complex patient or someone requiring emergent surgery.
One of the strengths of our program is the effectiveness of the residents as teachers. The goal is to recruit residents who love to work in teams. At Penn State no one excels at the expense of someone else; instead, when one person thrives, everyone thrives.
The program’s shared values include teamwork, innovation, service and excellence. The residency extends its reach beyond the walls of the Penn State Eye Center and Lebanon VA Medical Center into local communities and abroad. One of the most important community outreach activities involves working with Penn State medical students as part of Lion Care, a student-lead medical clinic for individuals at the Bethesda Mission in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Penn State ophthalmology provides complete eye evaluations on an annual basis and are in the process of expanding our relationship to include an in-house eye clinic.
Through the generosity of Dr. Albert and Virginia Alley, the department has established the Alley Endowment for Global Ophthalmology Outreach. This endowment provides financial support to underwrite the costs associated with travel to ophthalmology service missions abroad. In past years, Penn State ophthalmology residents have accompanied dedicated eye care teams to Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Tanzania, Ghana and Ethiopia. Residents describe these trips abroad as “life changing” and “remarkably humbling” experiences.
Penn State Health
Penn State Health is a multi-hospital health system serving patients and communities across 29 counties of Pennsylvania. Its mission is to improve health through patient care, research, education and community outreach.
In December 2017, the system partnered with Highmark Health to facilitate creation of a value-based, community care network in the region. The shared goal of Highmark and Penn State Health is to ensure patients in the community are within:
- 10 minutes of a Penn State Health primary care provider
- 20 minutes of Penn State Health specialty care
- 30 minutes of a Penn State Health acute care facility
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
500 University Dr., Hershey, Pa., 17033 (Derry Township, Dauphin County)
- The health system’s 628-bed flagship teaching and research hospital
- The only medical facility in Pennsylvania accredited as both an adult and a pediatric Level I (highest-level) trauma center
- Dedicated surgical, neuroscience, cardiovascular, trauma and medical intensive care units
- Accredited Life Lion critical-care transport providing more than 1,100 helicopter and approximately 750 ground ambulance transports per year
- More than 1,300 faculty members and more than 650 residents and fellows
- Approximately 28,500 admissions, 75,000 emergency department visits, 1.1 million outpatient visits and 32,000 surgical procedures annually
- Designated as a Magnet hospital four consecutive times, one of 116 hospitals to do so
Penn State Health Children’s Hospital
600 University Dr., Hershey, Pa. 17033 (Derry Township, Dauphin County)
- An eight-story, 263,000-square-foot-facility built in 2013 and expanded in 2020
- 146 licensed pediatric beds, 18 acute care beds and a 56-bed neonatal intensive care unit
- Level IV (highest-level) neonatal intensive care unit
- Level I quaternary (highest-level) pediatric intensive care unit
- Level I (highest-level) pediatric trauma center designation
- Intermediate care unit
- Dedicated pediatric operating rooms
- More than 150,000 pediatric outpatient visits and approximately 5,000 pediatric patient discharges annually
Welcome to Hershey
More About Hershey
Interested in learning more about living and working in Hershey, Pa.? See details here:
Wellness, including emotional, spiritual, social and physical health, is a crucial component to training and to becoming a professional, compassionate and resilient physician. Self-care is a skill which must be continually practiced and reinforced. Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health are committed to addressing wellness among residents and fellows, with multiple resources readily available.
- Visit BeWell – a health program designed to support Penn State Health employees
- See Penn State College of Medicine wellness resources here
- Employee Health Care Concierge and Case Management Service
- Partners in Medicine
Moving to a new city with your family does not have to be stressful. Our residency program has assisted many significant others with finding employment. There is also a GME-Wide Partners in Medicine (PIM) group that offers networking opportunities as well as various social and community oriented activities.
- The Doctors Kienle Center for Humanistic Medicine
Graduate medical education resources
Penn State Health and Penn State College of Medicine celebrate, embrace and support the diversity of all patients, faculty, staff, students and trainees.
Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion
In keeping with this, Penn State Health has an active Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion with various programs, networks and resource groups, including:
- Talks and lectures on diversity, equity and inclusion through the Inclusion Academy
- Regular events on topics such as eradicating racism and creating a culture of inclusiveness
- Many Business Employee Resource Groups (BERGs), including:
- Disability Business Employee Resource Group
- Interfaith Business Employee Resource Group
- LGBTQ+ Business Employee Resource Group
- Military and Veterans Business Employee Resource Group
- Multicultural Business Employee Resource Group
- NextGen Business Employee Resource Group
Office for Culturally Responsive Health Care Education
The vision at Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health is to equip learners with the knowledge, skills and attitudes they will need to provide culturally excellent health care and research for an increasingly diverse U.S. population. The Office for Culturally Responsive Health Care Education was formed to help meet that goal.
Office for a Respectful Learning Environment
In addition, the institution does not tolerate discrimination, biases, microaggression, harassment or learner mistreatment of any kind, and any concerns are immediately addressed by the Office for a Respectful Learning Environment.
Network of Under-represented Residents and Fellows
The Network of Under-represented Residents and Fellows (NURF) is a group of diverse residents and fellows representing all specialties. NURF’s goal is to promote cultural diversity in the residency programs through community involvement, mentorship with diverse faculty, professional networking and support for the recruitment of diverse medical students into the residency programs.
NURF is sponsored by the Penn State College of Medicine Graduate Medical Education Office and the Penn State Health Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion.
Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
500 University Dr.
P.O. Box 850
Hershey, PA 17033-0850
The first two years of residency training are split between general and subspecialty ophthalmology. Subspecialty rotations include cornea and external diseases, glaucoma, pediatric and neuro-ophthalmology, oculoplastics and retina. Experience in general ophthalmology as well as optometry practice is gained through rotations on emergency room/hospital consultation services at Hershey and through general ophthalmology outpatient clinic practice at the VA Medical Center in Lebanon. Goals and objectives have been set for each subspecialty rotation and post-rotation evaluations are conducted with each resident to ensure that the residents are achieving the stated goals.
During the subspecialty rotations, the residents accompany the faculty to the operating room one to two days per week. This provides valuable surgical experience in the first two years of training and facilitates participation in the pre- and post-operative care of their patients.
The final year of training consists of four months at Hershey and eight months at the VA Medical Center. Two senior residents are always scheduled at the Lebanon VA Medical Center, and one senior resident is always scheduled at the Hershey site. The majority of Class I cataract surgeries are performed at the Lebanon VA Medical Center under the direct supervision of faculty members. In addition to the outstanding clinical and surgical experience available at the VA Medical Center, senior residents have the opportunity to develop administrative and teaching skills. The senior resident rotations in Hershey are focused on development of surgical skills through experiences in the hospital OR and Hershey Outpatient Surgery Center. The senior residents also care for pre- and post-operative patients in the clinics of faculty ophthalmic surgeons and see their own patients in the comprehensive ophthalmology clinic, which is held weekly.
Integrated PGY-1 Year
At a glance
- Coordinated and administered by ophthalmology
- Located at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and Lebanon VA Medical Center
- 3 months of ophthalmology and 9 months of general medicine
- Ambulatory care focus
- combining or coordinating separate elements so as to provide a harmonious, interrelated whole;
- organized or structured so that constituent units function cooperatively
The program has partnered with its primary teaching affiliate to create what it believes is the best possible training experience for residents – a fully integrated PGY-1 year. The PGY-1 residents spend six months at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and six months at Lebanon VA Medical Center.
Hershey Medical Center: PGY-1 residents complete three months of ophthalmology working side-by-side with their faculty and resident colleagues at the Penn State Eye Center. In addition to ophthalmology training, PGY-1 residents rotate with select subspecialties for the remaining time in Hershey.
Lebanon VA Medical Center: PGY-1 residents spend six months at the Lebanon VA Medical Center. The rotations focus primarily on ambulatory care experiences in a variety of medical and surgical subspecialties.
First- and second-year ophthalmology residents take call, on average, every sixth night and every sixth weekend. Weekend call extends from Friday at 5 p.m. through Monday morning at 8 a.m.
Third-year residents take secondary/surgical call every third week.
A faculty member is assigned on-call responsibilities on a weekly basis and provides appropriate supervision for all residents.
To ensure that residents are achieving success in the areas of medical knowledge, patient care, interpersonal and communication skills, professionalism, practice-based learning and improvement and systems-based practice, the Ophthalmology Residency utilizes a variety of methods.
Resident performance is assessed primarily through direct observation and evaluation by members of the faculty. Other methods include evaluations by medical students and patients, performance in the Case-Based Learning in Ophthalmology (CBLO) series, the Ophthalmology Skills Assessment Program (OSAP), Ophthalmology Clinical Evaluation Exercises (OCEX), Simulated Oral Boards in Ophthalmology (SOBO) and performance on written examinations, including the Ophthalmology Knowledge Assessment Program (OKAP).
Resident performance is evaluated by the faculty following each rotation. Each of these evaluations examines the resident’s performance in the six general competency areas. The residents meet individually with the residency program director twice a year to review their performance on the rotations, discuss their research projects, and review their progress in meeting self-set six-month goals. Residents must present the findings of their research projects at the annual Penn State Eye and Vision Research Day event, which is attended by eye and vision researchers throughout the institution.
A variety of conferences are available to Ophthalmology Residency trainees.
Basic and Clinical Science Conference Series
The Basic and Clinical Science Lecture Series is held Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays from 7 to 8 p.m. It serves as the core curriculum of the Ophthalmology Residency. Conferences cover a broad range of ophthalmic topics including ophthalmic pathology, optics, cornea/external diseases, glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology, pediatric ophthalmology, oculoplastic and orbital diseases, retina, intraocular inflammation and uveitis and ocular physiology.
Surgical Skills Workshop
The goal of the Surgical Skills Workshop is to promote discussion on the indications, complications, and operative techniques for common ophthalmic surgeries. Surgical Skills Workshop is held monthly in conjunction with Surgical Morbidity Conference. The residents and a faculty moderator discuss common ophthalmic surgical procedures and techniques and develop a step-by-step algorithm to facilitate resident performance of the surgery. Use of surgery simulation models and wet lab experiences also help to enhance surgical skills.
Resident Orientation Program
The Resident Orientation Program was developed following a mini-retreat with the ophthalmology residents and the residency program director. It introduces the first-year ophthalmology residents to the residents, faculty and staff of the Eye Center. The emphasis of the orientation is on history and eye examination skills. New residents are also introduced to common ocular emergencies and on-call responsibilities. Orientation is coordinated by the chief residents to promote the role of the chief residents as teachers.
Ethics in Ophthalmology
The Ethics in Ophthalmology seminar is presented semi-annually and is jointly sponsored by the Eye Center and the Department of Humanities. Topics for discussion include informed consent, patients’ rights, clinical and basic science research, the impaired physician, co-management, advertising and others.
Educational Activities Outside the Department
Each year, residents may have the opportunity to attend meetings or courses such as the Wills Eye Review Course, the Armed Forces in Pathology course and the annual meetings of the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) and the Association of Research and Vision in Ophthalmology (ARVO).
Regardless of a resident’s ultimate career path, the Penn State Ophthalmology Residency believes all ophthalmologists should be exposed to the principles and practice of eye and vision research. The program’s research experience enables all Penn State ophthalmology residents to conduct meaningful research and present their work at one or more of the major national/international research meetings including the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology and the American Academy of Ophthalmology.
Residents work with a variety of faculty members on research projects dealing with nearly every ophthalmic subspecialty. Residents are encouraged to pursue areas of interest across the spectrum of clinical, educational, basic science and health systems science research. Examples of recent projects include: patient perceived barriers to clinic appointment attendance; optimization of cataract surgery refractive outcomes; treatment strategies to prevent postoperative inﬂammation; resident surgical aptitude and performance; sex disparities among U.S. academic ophthalmologists. Opportunities to conduct meaningful research abound.
Resident Honors and Recognitions
Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center accept ongoing nominations for the Exceptional Moments in Teaching award.
The award, given monthly by the Office for a Respectful Learning Environment, accepts nominations from College of Medicine students who are invited to submit narratives about faculty members, residents, fellows, nurses or any other educators who challenge them and provide an exceptional learning experience. See more about the award here.
Previous nominees from the Ophthalmology Residency are listed here. Click the + next to a nominee name to read their nominator’s comments.
The annual Resident/Fellow Research Day is held each year (with exception of during the COVID-19 pandemic) on and around the Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center campus.
The intent of the event is to provide an opportunity for residents and fellows to showcase their research accomplishments to their peers in other clinical departments, as well as their colleagues in the basic sciences.
Previous presentations from the Ophthalmology Residency are listed here.