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Psychiatry Residency

Psychiatry Residency

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The Psychiatry Residency at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center is a four-year, ACGME-accredited program that generally admits four to five residents per year.

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Program Details

Alumni Spotlight
“The Penn State psychiatry residency program was an excellent place to complete training. I felt that the faculty was endlessly supportive and approachable, providing excellent clinical teaching and mentorship. The program exceeds expectations when it comes to didactic education; and dedicates an entire day per week toward learning which helped me feel prepared for board exams and clinical practice. The program leadership was responsive and cares about resident well-being. I will remember my time fondly, and feel that it prepared me well for the future.”

Connie Koons, MD Class of 2023

An exciting and rewarding experience awaits trainees at Penn State College of Medicine in a friendly professional work environment that facilitates the attainment of a greater understanding of both the mind and the body, while supporting the balance between work and family.

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center is recognized as one of the nation’s premier academic health centers, recruiting faculty members who are internationally known for their accomplishments in research, education and patient care. The current psychiatry faculty numbers more than 65, with planned increases.

The department has a growing research portfolio, including sleep, autism, mood disorders, ADHD, addiction, suicide and schizophrenia.

There are currently more than 20 psychiatry residents, fellows and interns, and approximately 160 Penn State College of Medicine medical students rotate through the psychiatric service every year. Mentorship, research opportunities and a wide range of elective experiences are available to the residents through the well-balanced clinical exposure and weekly didactics, where equal emphasis is placed on psychopharmacology and psychodynamic therapy. All residents are involved in scholarly activity and safety/quality improvement projects during the course of their training, and many have publications by the time of graduation.

Learn More about the Residency

To Apply Expand answer

General Application Information

Applications are accepted for approximately five to six PGY-1 positions every year.

Due to the large number of applications received, the program is unable to inform individual applicants about the status of their application.

Applications will be accepted via ERAS only and are considered complete when the all of the following have been received:

  • Three letters of recommendation
  • Medical school transcript
  • Dean’s letter from the applicant’s medical school
  • USMLE or COMLEX scores
  • Curriculum vitae
  • Personal Statement
Alumni Spotlight
“Penn State’s psychiatry residency program provided me the opportunity to continue my training. I was fully able to take advantage of its numerous educational opportunities during my four years of residency. The program boasts fantastic teachers who have an impressive knowledge base and are very approachable. Having access to excellent clinical mentors is what initially drew me to the program. Overall, Penn State’s residency program provides excellent clinical resources to train tomorrow’s psychiatrists.”

Sean Nutting, MD Class of 2022

While there is no minimum USMLE or COMLEX score, applicants scoring below 230 on either Step 1 or Step 2 of the USMLE, or below 500 on the COMLEX, or those having more than two attempts to pass the examinations and obtain these scores, are unlikely to be selected for interview.

There is no cut-off date for years since graduation from medical school. Each application is considered on an individual basis.

Evidence of clear interest in the specialty of psychiatry is expected, preferably via demonstrated experience in the field.

International medical school graduates must have ECFMG certification prior to the start of residency (July 1). Only J-1 visas are sponsored; there are no observerships or externships.

Interview Process

Requests for visits from candidates who have not been invited for an interview are not accommodated.

Interview season is open from October through January. Interviews are typically offered to 60 applicants each year.

There is no deadline for accepting applications during recruitment season; however, applicants are encouraged to submit as soon as possible. Once interview slots are filled, the program is unlikely to review additional applications.

Faculty Expand answer
Current Residents Expand answer
Past Residents Expand answer
About Penn State Health Expand answer

A screenshot shows the 2020 virtual tour of Penn State Health and Penn State College of Medicine.

Virtual Tour

A recently developed virtual tour showcases locations across Penn State Health and Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, Pa.

Explore the virtual tour

Penn State Health

Penn State Health is a multi-hospital health system serving patients and communities across 29 counties of Pennsylvania. Its mission is to improve health through patient care, research, education and community outreach.

In December 2017, the system partnered with Highmark Health to facilitate creation of a value-based, community care network in the region. The shared goal of Highmark and Penn State Health is to ensure patients in the community are within:

  • 10 minutes of a Penn State Health primary care provider
  • 20 minutes of Penn State Health specialty care
  • 30 minutes of a Penn State Health acute care facility

Learn more about Penn State Health

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and Penn State College of Medicine campus is seen in an aerial photo on a sunny day.

Penn State Health Children’s Hospital (left), Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (center) and Penn State Cancer Institute (right)

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

500 University Dr., Hershey, Pa., 17033 (Derry Township, Dauphin County)

  • The health system’s 647-bed flagship teaching and research hospital
  • The only medical facility in Pennsylvania accredited as both an adult and a pediatric Level I (highest-level) trauma center
  • Dedicated surgical, neuroscience, cardiovascular, trauma and medical intensive care units
  • Accredited Life Lion critical-care transport providing more than 1,100 helicopter and approximately 750 ground ambulance transports per year
  • More than 1,300 faculty members and more than 650 residents and fellows
  • Approximately 29,000 admissions, 73,000 emergency department visits, 1.1 million outpatient visits and 33,000 surgical procedures annually
  • Designated as a Magnet hospital since 2007

Learn more about Milton S. Hershey Medical Center

Penn State Health Children’s Hospital

600 University Dr., Hershey, Pa. 17033 (Derry Township, Dauphin County)

  • An eight-story, 263,000-square-foot-facility built in 2013 and expanded in 2020
  • 146 licensed pediatric beds, 18 acute care beds and a 56-bed neonatal intensive care unit
  • Level IV (highest-level) neonatal intensive care unit
  • Level I quaternary (highest-level) pediatric intensive care unit
  • Level I (highest-level) pediatric trauma center designation
  • Intermediate care unit
  • Dedicated pediatric operating rooms
  • More than 150,000 pediatric outpatient visits and approximately 5,000 pediatric patient discharges annually

Learn more about Penn State Health Children’s Hospital

About Hershey: Benefits, Stipends and More Expand answer

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Welcome to Hershey

A new guide to the Hershey, Pa., area showcases the highlights of life in central Pennsylvania.

Learn more about the Hershey area

More About Hershey

Interested in learning more about living and working in Hershey, Pa.? See details here:

Alumni Spotlight
“The program uniquely mirrors the friendly and wholesome qualities of the town of Hershey. The highly respectful, down-to-earth and collegial attitude of administrators, attendings and staff fosters an excellent training environment. There is a strong emphasis on trainee well-being and work-life balance within the program. The location of the program ensures all the benefits of being able to live in a nature rich, safe, suburban environment with good quality schools, affordable cost of living and ease of weekend trips to several major cities.”

Nishant Bhat, MD, 2021 Graduate
Wellness Initiatives Expand answer

Wellness, including emotional, spiritual, social and physical health, is a crucial component to training and to becoming a professional, compassionate and resilient physician. Self-care is a skill which must be continually practiced and reinforced. Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health are committed to addressing wellness among residents and fellows, with multiple resources readily available.

Institutional resources

Graduate medical education resources

Diversity Expand answer

Institutional Resources

Penn State Health and Penn State College of Medicine celebrate, embrace and support the diversity of all patients, faculty, staff, students and trainees.

Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

In keeping with this, Penn State Health has an active Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion with various programs, networks and resource groups, including:

  • Talks and lectures on diversity, equity and inclusion through the Inclusion Academy
  • Regular events on topics such as eradicating racism and creating a culture of inclusiveness
  • Many Business Employee Resource Groups (BERGs), including:
    • Disability Business Employee Resource Group
    • Interfaith Business Employee Resource Group
    • LGBTQ+ Business Employee Resource Group
    • Military and Veterans Business Employee Resource Group
    • Multicultural Business Employee Resource Group
    • NextGen Business Employee Resource Group

Learn more about the Penn State Health Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Learn more about the College of Medicine’s Office for Diversity, Equity and Belonging

Office for Culturally Responsive Health Care Education

The vision at Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health is to equip learners with the knowledge, skills and attitudes they will need to provide culturally excellent health care and research for an increasingly diverse U.S. population. The Office for Culturally Responsive Health Care Education was formed to help meet that goal.

Learn more about the Office for Culturally Responsive Health Care Education

Office for a Respectful Learning Environment

In addition, the institution does not tolerate discrimination, biases, microaggression, harassment or learner mistreatment of any kind, and any concerns are immediately addressed by the Office for a Respectful Learning Environment.

Learn more about the Office for a Respectful Learning Environment

Network of Under-represented Residents and Fellows
The Network of Under-represented Residents and Fellows (NURF) is a group of diverse residents and fellows representing all specialties. NURF’s goal is to promote cultural diversity in the residency programs through community involvement, mentorship with diverse faculty, professional networking and support for the recruitment of diverse medical students into the residency programs.

NURF is sponsored by the Penn State College of Medicine Graduate Medical Education Office and the Penn State Health Office for Diversity, Equity and Inclusion.

Learn more information about NURF

Contact Us Expand answer

Mailing Address

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
Penn State College of Medicine
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Health, H073
500 University Dr., P.O. Box 850
Hershey, PA 17033-0850

General Contact Information

Phone: 717-531-4344
Fax: 717-531-6491

Clinical Rotations

Rotations by Program Year Expand answer
Alumni Spotlight
“Psychiatry is an evolving specialty, and is delicately balanced at the crux of new and exciting discoveries in the neurosciences, and age old but vitally important humanism. What I found most interesting about Penn State… was the ability and freedom to seek your own balance between the two… The size of the program is smaller, and it encourages personal connections as well as retains a focus on the individual resident as opposed to a faceless group. The right work-life balance, lower cost of living, sense of safety in the physical environment and support from staff are added advantages.”

Aum Pathare, MD, Class of 2015


  • One month: Emergency medicine
  • Two months: Neurology
  • Three months: Internal medicine
  • Five months: Adult inpatient psychiatry
  • One month: Consultation/liaison


  • Two months: Partial hospitalization program
  • Five months: Adult inpatient psychiatry
  • Two months: Child inpatient psychiatry
  • Three months: Consult/liaison/emergency psychiatry experience


  • Half a month each: Electroconvulsive therapy, forensics, sleep, Community Psychiatry Capstone Clinic, family and couples therapy
  • One month: Addictions
  • One month: Elective
  • Seven months: General outpatient/longitudinal clinic


  • One month: Geriatrics
  • Two months: Elective
  • Eight and a half months: General outpatient/longitudinal clinic
  • Half a month: Junior inpatient attending
Addiction Psychiatry Expand answer

This rotation is performed at sites connected to the Lebanon VA Hospital system or at the Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute. Residents assigned to VA rotations rotate for three months at the Lebanon VA Medical Center Substance Abuse Residential Rehabilitation Program and an additional three months at the Camp Hill VA Outpatient Clinic.

Resident education is provided through individual supervision during the course of patient care. Specific instruction is provided on inpatient detoxification, psychotherapeutic intervention, motivational interviewing and related topics. The Addictions Seminar also occurs during this rotation.

This structured rotation heightens residents’ awareness and recognition of drug and alcohol comorbidity in the psychiatric patient population. Residents spend the majority of their time evaluating new patients and treating program participants with individual or group therapy utilizing a variety of treatment modalities, ranging from short-term dynamic to cognitive-behavioral interventions.

Adult Inpatient Psychiatry Expand answer

The inpatient adult psychiatry service, based at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute (PPI), provides an atmosphere that is conducive to facilitating patient recovery. A therapeutic milieu with a high staff-to-patient ratio is maintained with an intensive treatment program provided by an interdisciplinary team of staff psychiatrists, psychiatric residents, nurses and psychiatric assistants. Care is coordinated with referring therapists, physicians and community agencies to assure maximum community involvement and continuity of care for patients once they are discharged. The facility is also equipped to perform ECT.

Patients are referred through a variety of sources, including inpatient units and emergency departments of the “parent” health systems (Penn State Health and UPMC Pinnacle), other hospitals or emergency departments, crisis centers, community agencies, physicians and outpatient therapists.

PPI is the only university-affiliated inpatient psychiatric unit in central Pennsylvania, which provides residents with valuable experience in managing complex cases and dealing with patients from various backgrounds. This is a structured rotation designed to develop residents’ skills in comprehensive multidimensional psychiatric care, including pharmacotherapy, a variety of supportive therapies and acute psychiatric interventions. Residents also participate in family therapy sessions in order to assist patients and their families. Exposure to the forensic side of psychiatry is provided through participation in commitment hearings that take place on site at PPI.

As a supplement to the PPI inpatient rotation, first-year residents also serve a two-month rotation at the VA Lebanon adult inpatient facility, where they have the opportunity to follow patients from initial arrival in the emergency department through admission/discharge.

Child Inpatient Psychiatry Expand answer

The inpatient child psychiatry service is located within Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute. The unit serves 27 counties in Pennsylvania, including urban, suburban and rural populations. Two child psychiatry fellows and rotating medical students are also assigned to this unit. Mental health professionals within the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry provide diagnostic and therapeutic services for children whose problems range from mild behavioral difficulties to severe psychiatric illness.

Residents work with an interdisciplinary team of staff psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and nurses. Residents also actively participate in daily individual and group psychotherapy, family therapy, recreational therapy and psychopharmacological treatment. Emphasis is placed on gaining new perspectives on psychopathology across the life cycle.

By the end of rotation, the residents are competent to appreciate the structure of a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation for the child or adolescent patient and to understand how this differs from an adult psychiatric assessment.

Alumni Spotlight
“Having known since high school that I wanted to pursue a career in child psychiatry, there was ample time to consider where I would get further training once I finished my psychiatry residency in India. Foundational in my search was the desire for a solid program that would prepare me to be a competent clinician and researcher. That which particularly drew my attention to Penn State… was a balanced program of biological psychiatry as well as an emphasis in psychotherapy. The excellent training program provided all aspects of clinical and research efforts to ensure trainees acquired the knowledge and skills necessary to practice in an ever-evolving field. I have been impressed by the countless research opportunities and the very supportive and encouraging faculty… In addition, Hershey’s small town atmosphere is ideal for raising a family. We enjoy the tremendous cultural diversity the area has to offer – from the Amish community to enjoying local Indian food to watching Bollywood movies at the local cinema. Not only that, but we are only a couple of hours away from many major cities… I am glad I made the decision to come to Hershey and today I feel proud to say, ‘We are Penn State!'”
Raman Baweja, MD, MS, Class of 2014 and current psychiatry faculty
Community Psychiatry Capstone Clinic Expand answer

The Community Psychiatry Capstone Clinic, located at the Division Street outpatient clinic of Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, focuses on an underserved and diverse population with severe, persistent mental illness, and provides interventions designed to reduce hospitalizations and maximize functioning in the community.

The program is designed for patients between 16 and 30 years old who have experienced their first episode of psychotic symptoms within the past two years. The clinic utilizes a coordinated specialty care model, with an interdisciplinary team providing comprehensive and early intervention for patients with early psychotic illness. Treatment modalities available include medication management, individual psychotherapy, family therapy, peer support, case management and supported education and employment. The approach to treatment is recovery-oriented, with an emphasis on shared decision-making and aligning with patients to work toward personal goals.

Residents assigned to this clinic rotate one half-day per week for three months during their PGY-3 or PGY-4 year of residency. Resident education is provided through directly supervised evaluation and treatment of patients and participation as part of a multi-disciplinary team in weekly team meetings. During the rotation, residents gain knowledge in psychopharmacological strategies for treating first-episode psychosis and about the use of long-acting injectable antipsychotics.

Consult/Liaison Expand answer

Consultation services for adult patients are provided to all clinical departments at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, including critical care, internal medicine, general surgery, transplant surgery, plastic surgery, oncology, endocrinology, neurosurgery, neurology, obstetrics and gynecology and family and community medicine.

On this service, the psychiatric resident works closely with faculty and residents in other departments. The goal of each consultation is to offer practical recommendations that assist consulting physicians, residents and nursing staff in caring for their patients.

Medical students rotating in psychiatry are also part of the consult team, where residents are expected to enhance their learning experience by participating in medical student teaching.

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) Expand answer

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a part of the required specialty clinics rotation in the third year of residency. Patients of this service are referred by a variety of sources, including the outpatient clinic, local community agencies, psychiatrists, outpatient therapists or Hershey Medical Center or other hospitals in the area.

Patients are referred primarily for treatment of mood disorders; however, ECT is occasionally used for other conditions, such as intractable psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia or catatonia.

ECT is available for both inpatients and outpatients. The procedure is conducted at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute, usually every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Friday.

Residents in this rotation will learn to perform ECT under the supervision of a member of the psychiatry faculty working together with an anesthesiology team. In the course of this specialty clinic, the residents become familiar with the technique of ECT, including electrode placement, stimulus intensity and waveform, treatment frequency, and impact of concomitant antidepressants, anticonvulsants and benzodiazepines. They become proficient in diagnostic indications and contraindications for ECT and are expected to understand legal regulations regarding the procedure.

Residents are encouraged to participate with the attending physician in consultation for patients referred for ECT.

Electives Expand answer

Through electives, residents are able to further refine their expertise in an area of interest. They may utilize this time to pursue a number of clinical electives or research opportunities. They may opt to work within Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center with any departmental faculty, or outside the facility.

Elective rotations generally occur in the PGY-3 and PGY-4 years. The amount of elective time is variable and determined by what is necessary to achieve the goals and objectives for the proposed clinical experience, but averages half a day each week for 12 months in the PGY-3 year and one full day each week for 12 months in the PGY-4 year. The resident is responsible for developing an acceptable proposal to pursue elective options, and the educational method depends upon the rotation in which the resident is involved.

Some examples of past electives include Neuropsychology, Administrative Psychiatry, Addictions, Forensics, Research, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectic Behavioral Therapy, Sleep, ADHD, Autism, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and self-directed electives.

Emergency Psychiatry Expand answer

As part of the emergency psychiatry experience, residents rotate through the Penn Medicine Lancaster General Health emergency department during daytime hours for two days each week during the consult/liaison rotation, and are on call in the evenings at Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute during all rotations.

Residents in this rotation are involved with all aspects of evaluating, diagnosing and recommending disposition of psychiatric patients seen in the emergency department. They are supervised by an attending psychiatrist and work hand-in-hand with the social work team to arrange appropriate final disposition.

This is a structured rotation designed to develop the residents’ skills in evaluation, diagnosis, management and disposition for a broad variety of psychiatric emergencies. Utilizing different treatment modalities, the experience deepens the residents’ knowledge and understanding of psychiatric crises, including their consequences on the patient’s life.

Family and Couples Therapy Expand answer

This rotation takes place at Penn State Health’s Northeast Drive Psychiatry Clinic. Residents rotate two hours per week for three months occurring in PGY-3 or PGY-4. Patients and their family member(s) are seen by the therapist and resident together with the therapist modeling techniques used in marriage and family therapy. The resident has the opportunity to observe the process as well as eventually participate in directing the session. The resident and therapist discuss the case outside of the session in order for the resident to learn how this form of therapy is useful as well as create a treatment plan.

Resident education in this rotation is provided through observation, direct supervision with each patient and their family member(s), and through discussion with the therapist of techniques and assigned materials. Residents are exposed to the various therapeutic techniques and approaches used in marriage and family therapy.

Forensic Psychiatry Expand answer

This rotation takes place off-site, primarily at Camp Hill Prison. Residents will rotate for one half-day each week over a three-month period during their PGY-3 or PGY-4 year.

In this rotation, residents gain knowledge of the setting, structures and procedures of psychiatric care of incarcerated persons within a penal setting. They will assist with assessment and management of patients who are at varying stages of involvement with the legal system, including pre-and post-trial. Issues of co-morbidity with substance use or medical illness are also addressed during the rotation.

Residents will also gain experience in the criteria for involuntary treatment and competency issues as they relate to criminal proceedings. They will also learn about communication and collaboration with other medical and legal professionals in the correctional system.

Education is provided through direct attending supervision and observation, discussion and assigned readings.

Geriatric Psychiatry Expand answer

Based at the VA facility in nearby Lebanon or at the Northeast Drive outpatient clinic, this outpatient rotation experience exposes the residents to the full range of psychiatric disorders seen in the elderly, including Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, mood disorders (particularly depression), anxiety disorders and psychotic disorders.

In this rotation, residents develop skills in the assessment of psychological, social or medical factors that may contribute to maladaptive behavior in a geriatric population. Neuropsychological testing, laboratory tests and radiologic studies supplement psychiatric evaluations. When appropriate, specialists in medical gerontology, neurology or other medical disciplines are consulted.

Longitudinal Outpatient Clinic Expand answer

The Penn State Health psychiatry program considers intensive outpatient experience to be an important part of psychiatric residency training. The outpatient adult psychiatry service is structured to meet the needs of a diverse population of patients. Treatment is provided within a bio-psychosocial framework to ensure well-balanced care. In addition to attending and resident psychiatrists, the clinic is staffed with nurses, psychologists and social workers.

This outpatient experience is highly focused on resident education. It is the primary rotation for training in psychotherapy competencies including cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, supportive and brief psychotherapies. Appropriate psychotherapeutic modalities may be combined with pharmacological management as indicated. Intensive supervision and therapy-focused didactics form a significant portion of resident training during this outpatient experience.

Mood Disorders Clinic Expand answer

The Mood Disorders Clinic is part of the outpatient experience and is the primary opportunity for residents to perform comprehensive psychiatric assessments for patients presenting with the full spectrum of mood and anxiety disorders.

Residents work closely with a supervising psychiatrist to hone their interview skills, through observation of their technique and by observing attending interviews. Residents develop their diagnostic acumen and learn how to develop pertinent treatment plans addressing bio-psychosocial elements, which they then implement as they continue to treat their patients in supervised follow-up sessions.

Partial Hospitalization Program Expand answer

This rotation trains residents in short-term, group-based treatment modalities. The program provides an alternative to psychiatric inpatient hospitalization as well as a transition from the hospital to the community. Patients attend the partial hospitalization program for six hours each weekday.

During this rotation, residents are involved in goal planning and are encouraged to assume leadership roles for the multidisciplinary team. The program is planned to deepen the residents’ knowledge of an intensive group-oriented Cognitive Behavioral Therapy psychotherapeutic approach. Individual and family therapies are utilized based on the patient’s needs. Intensive pharmacological management is employed along with appropriate psychotherapeutic modalities, including crisis intervention.

Sleep Disorders Clinic Expand answer

This rotation takes place at the Penn State Health Sleep Lab on the campus of Penn State Heath Milton S. Hershey Medical Center. Residents rotate one half-day per week for three months occurring in the PGY-3 or PGY-4 year.

The main educational method used in this rotation is patient-centered. Patients are initially seen by the resident; then, the resident discusses the case with the attending sleep specialist. After the initial discussion, both the attending and the resident examine the patient together to clarify or obtain any new relevant clinical history as well as to reassess the physical examination findings originally reported by the resident. Subsequently the resident and attending together formulate a management plan. In addition, the resident is provided with extensive reading material mainly from peer reviewed scientific journals on diagnosis and treatment of major sleep disorders.

Resident education is provided through direct supervision with each patient examined and through discussion with the attending physician of assigned reading materials and other relevant educational aspects. Residents are exposed to a wide variety of sleep disorder conditions including sleep-disordered breathing, insomnia, circadian rhythm sleep disorders, restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder, hypersomnias, narcolepsy and various REM and NREM parasomnias.

Education Tracks

Community Psychiatry Track Expand answer

Community psychiatry focuses on caring for people with serious and complex mental health needs in organizations whose funding derives from public sources (such as Medicare, Medicaid and local funding). Community psychiatrists focus on treating vulnerable and underserved individuals using a holistic approach by attending to social and environmental needs, providing person-centered care, facilitating recovery and working within interdisciplinary teams. Recognizing that successful treatment of serious mental illness entails more than prescription of medications, community psychiatrists address other contributors to mental illness, including social determinants of health, systems of care, cultural factors and social injustice. Community psychiatrists go on to practice in a variety of settings: community mental health centers, collaborative care in primary care practices, interdisciplinary care teams (such as Assertive Community Treatment or outreach for homeless individuals), corrections systems, rural or underserved areas.

Structure of Community Psychiatry Track

The Community Psychiatry Residency Track at Penn State will provide residents with enhanced and specific training in community psychiatry throughout all four years of the residency program. This track will help residents develop skills in collaboration, advocacy, prevention, cultural competency, leadership and systems change. The track builds on the foundations of the General Psychiatry Clinical Rotations outlined under Clinical Rotations above, with the addition of immersive clinical experience providing care to underserved populations in public mental health settings in Cumberland and Dauphin counties. In addition, residents will receive focused didactic instruction in the field of community psychiatry.

Elements of this track are outlined below:

  • Longitudinal immersive experience in providing community mental health care a half-day per week in the PGY-3 year and one day per week in the PGY-4 year. Potential sites may include ACT (Assertive Community Treatment) Team, LTSR (Long-Term Structured Residential) Setting, LGBTQ+ Clinic, DBT Program, Collaborative Care, Dual Diagnosis, First-Episode Psychosis Clinic
  • Community-based learning experiences to sites such as Crisis Intervention, Case Management Unit, social rehab club, jail/diversion program, state hospital
  • Providing psychiatric care to homeless individuals through Lion Care free clinic at the Bethesda Mission
  • Guided readings and small group seminars on topics relevant to Community Psychiatry such as the history of public psychiatry, structure of social and public mental health programs in the U.S., integrated care, program evaluation, recovery-oriented care, social determinants of mental health, trauma-informed care, culturally competent care
  • Seminar on advocacy and public policy for psychiatrists
  • Participation in design and implementation of a Quality Improvement Project
  • Opportunity to participate in the Penn State Health Systems Science Academy (HSSA) and work on a mentored project in PGY-4 year: For more information on the HSSA, please visit the HSSA website.

To Apply

Applications will be accepted for one PGY-1 position in the Community Psychiatry Resident Track per year through ERAS only Please refer to details of application and interview process under heading “Learn More About the Residency.”

The Community Psychiatry Resident Track number in NRMP is 1617400C1. Please note you can apply to the Community Psychiatry track in addition to the General Psychiatry track.

Curriculum Details

General Didactics Expand answer

Psychiatry Residency didactics are each Thursday, with junior residents (PGY-1 and PGY-2) attending morning lectures and Grand Rounds, and senior residents (PGY-3 and PGY-4) attending morning lectures, Grand Rounds and afternoon supplemental didactics activities.

Below is an example two-year didactic series schedule for the residency. All junior and senior residents attend lectures over that two-year cycle. Lectures are grouped around certain themes, such as basic and advanced psychopharmacology, cultural competence, diagnostic overview, etc.

Introduction to Psychiatry

  • How to Conduct a Psychiatric Evaluation/Case Presentation/Psychodynamic Formulation
  • Professionalism
  • The Basics of Prescribing (psychotropics)
  • Emergency Psychiatry Issues
  • Suicide
  • Assessment/Management of Aggression
  • Legal Issues – Introduction
  • Delirium
  • Ethics in Dealing with Confidentiality
  • How to Refer
Alumni Spotlight
“My experience at Penn State Psychiatry Residency Program was tremendous. I found the curriculum well-structured, challenging but rewarding. I was able to pursue my interest in biological psychiatry with many research projects while ensuring that I garnered extensive clinical skills and experience from a diverse patient population. The culture between the residents, attendings and the other specialists was always professional and education-oriented. The program prepared me for a demanding career, and its alumni network introduced me to many mentors who inspired my efforts and helped me greatly.”
Tuna Hasoglu, MD, Class of 2022

The Life Cycle

  • Infant Development
  • Child/Adolescent Development
  • Adulthood
  • Late Adulthood
  • Normal Sexuality
  • Diagnostic Categories Overview (DSM-5 Overview)

Philosophy of Classification and the DSM

  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Overview of Child Psychopathology
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – Intellectual Disabilities and Specific Learning Disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – Communication Disorders, Motor Disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – ADHD
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – Autism
  • Autism Spectrum in Adults
  • Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
  • Bipolar and Related Disorders
  • Depressive Disorders
  • Anxiety Disorders
  • Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
  • Trauma and Stressor-related Disorders/Dissociative Disorders
  • Medical Aspects of Eating Disorders
  • Disruptive, Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders
  • Substance-related and Addictive Disorders
  • Delirium
  • Neurocognitive Disorders
  • Personality Disorders
    • Overview of Personality Theory (Clusters A, B, C)
    • The Neurobiology of Personality Disorder The Paraphilias
  • Medication-Induced Movement Disorders
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Other Medication-Induced Disorders
  • Factitious Disorders/Malingering
  • (Sexual Dysfunction, Gender Dysphoria: see “Sexuality.” Sleep-Wake disorders: see “Sleep.”)


  • Normal Sleep/Circadian Rhythms
  • Sleep/Wake Disorders
  • Pharmacotherapy of Sleep Disorders


  • Normal Sexuality
  • Sexual Dysfunction
  • Gender Identity Issues/Disorders
  • Paraphilias

Biological Psychiatry

  • Medical Aspects of Eating Disorders
  • The Neurobiology of Mood Disorders
  • (Biological) Etiological Theories of Schizophrenia
  • The Long-Term Treatment of Schizophrenia
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Neurotransmitters, Genes, and Theories of Depression
  • Treatment-resistant Depression
  • Treatment of Bipolar Depression/Treatment–resistant Bipolar
  • Neuromodulation (ECT, VNS, Deep Brain)
  • Catatonia and its Treatment
  • The Neurobiology of Personality Disorders
  • Psychiatric Genetics 101
  • Neuropsychiatry of Paraneoplasia Syndrome
  • Pharmacogenomics (see also: “Psychopharmacology”)


  • Rational prescribing: Intro to Antipsychotics, Antidepressants
  • Cognitive Enhancers vs. Cognitive Disorder Treatment
  • Medication Treatment of Dementia/Agitation in Dementia
  • Pharmacotherapy of Atypical Depression/Late Luteal Phase Dysphoric Disorders
  • Pharmacotherapy of Eating Disorders
  • Pharmacotherapy in Borderline Personality Disorders
  • Pharmacodynamics
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • Drug-drug interactions
  • Psychopharmacology and Pregnancy
  • Antidepressants
  • Mood stabilizers
  • Antipsychotics
  • Pharmacotherapy of Anxiety Disorders
  • Management of Intoxication & Withdrawal
  • Pharmacotherapy of Sleep Disorders Medication Management of ADHD in Adults
  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
  • Medication-induced Movement Disorders
  • Other Medication–Induced Disorders
  • AP: “Side Effects”
  • Combined Psychopharmacology and Psychotherapy
  • Psychotherapy
  • Introduction to Psychodynamic Formulations
  • Basic Theories of Psychodynamics:
  • Ego Psychology
  • Object Relations
  • Separation/Individuation
  • Self-psychology (Kohut)
  • Eriksonian Theory
  • Behavior and Learning (Behavioral Therapy Theory)
  • Cognitive Therapy for Medication Non-compliance
  • Combined Psychopharmacology and Psychotherapy
  • Psychosocial Rehabilitation: The Recovery Model
  • (Group therapy – see separate listing)

Group Therapy

  • Group Therapy
  • Group Therapy for Substance Abuse Disorders

Substance Abuse Disorders

  • Substance-related and Addictive Disorders
  • Management of Intoxication and Withdrawal
  • Co-Occurring Disorders
  • Substance Abuse and Trauma
  • Group Therapy for Substance Abuse Disorders
  • The Impaired Professional


  • Infant Development
  • Child/Adolescent Development
  • Overview of Child Psychopathology
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – Intellectual Disabilities and Specific Learning Disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – Communication Disorders, Motor Disorders
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – ADHD
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders – autism
  • Child Abuse

Forensic Psychiatry

  • Introduction to Legal Issues
  • Forensic Psychiatry
  • Social Security Disability


  • Research Issues
  • Research Ethics
  • Psychiatry Trainee Research Day
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • The Case against Evidence-Based Medicine


  • AMA Code of Medical Ethics as Applicable to Psychiatry
  • Introduction to Ethics
  • Ethics in Dealing with Pharmaceutical Companies
  • Ethics in Dealing with Confidentiality
  • Research Ethics

Abuse/Trauma (more extensively covered in the psychotherapy didactic series)

  • Elder Abuse
  • Domestic Partner abuse
  • Child Abuse
  • Stalking


  • Neuroanatomy Review/Neuroradiology
  • Headache
  • Epilepsy
  • Seizures and Psychiatric Illness
  • Stroke
  • Movement Disorders
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Tourette’s Disorder
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic Pain

Psychiatric Practice

  • The Impact of Patient Suicide on the Psychiatrist
  • Professional Coding and Compliance
  • The Impaired Professional
  • Quality and Safety
  • Regulation of Psychiatry in the United States
  • The Private Practice of Psychiatry
  • Finance and Regulation of Psychiatric Practice
  • Political Aspects of Healthcare
  • Administrative Psychiatry
  • “Careers In…” Seminar (three to four sessions)
  • The ABPN Board Exams and the Maintenance of Certification Process
  • Maintenance of Licensure
  • Role of Socioeconomic Status in Mental Health
  • What Happens Next? (senior resident discussion of applying for positions)
  • How to Prepare for the Job Search (follow up to What Happens Next)

Diversity/Multicultural Issues

  • Multicultural Issues in Mental Health
  • Role of Socioeconomic Status in Mental Health
  • Latinx Issues in Mental Health
  • African American Issues in Mental Health
  • Asian Cultural Issues in Mental Health
  • Amish Cultural Issues in Mental Health
  • LGBTQ Issues in Mental Health
  • The Consumer Perspective


  • History of Psychiatry
  • History of Addictions Treatment


  • Violence and Mental Illness
  • Tele-psychiatry
  • Evolutionary Psychology
  • Stalking
  • Psychological Testing
  • On Death and Dying
  • Psychiatry Goes to the Movies (one to two sessions yearly)
  • Alternative Therapies in Psychiatry
  • Hypnosis and Psychotherapy
  • Biofeedback and Relaxation Training
  • Behavioral Treatment of Obesity
  • Management of ID in Adults
  • EMDR
  • Religion and Spirituality in Psychiatry
  • Quality and Safety
Psychotherapy Didactics Expand answer

Psychotherapy is considered an important component of psychiatric treatment and emphasis is placed on appropriate training. The goal for residents at the end of training is to be able to do the following:

  • Practice psychodynamic psychotherapy.
  • Practice psychodynamically informed pharmacotherapy.
  • Refer their psychopharmacology patients to therapists for therapy, describing rationale for a particular type of psychotherapy for that individual with brief psychodynamic formulation.

The psychotherapy training module consists of the following topics taught by various faculty members with expertise in each topic or therapy type.

  • What is Psychotherapy?
  • Different theories/different techniques
  • Ego psychology/defense mechanism/Sigmund Freud
  • Object relations theory/Melanie Klein/defense mechanisms
  • Mahler stages/Winnicott’s contributions
  • Self-psychology/self-esteem development/narcissistic issues/Kohut
  • Erikson stages of development, particularly adolescence/identity formation
  • Short-term focused psychodynamic psychotherapy module
  • Contemporary once-a-week psychotherapy module
  • Psychoanalysis module
  • Transference
  • Counter-transference
  • CBT theory/technique, Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck module
  • Supportive psychotherapy
  • Behavior therapy module
  • Psychodiagnostic interviewing skills module (seven sessions)
  • Borderline personality disorder/psychodynamic understanding/psychotherapeutic techniques
  • Narcissistic personality disorder/psychodynamic understanding/psychotherapeutic techniques
  • Grief and loss/psychodynamic understanding/psychotherapeutic techniques
  • Termination of psychotherapy (planned and unexpected)
  • Psychodynamic formulation module (two sessions)
Resident Research Expand answer

The Department of Psychiatry at Penn State College of Medicine fosters an interest and respect for academic and scholarly traditions in several parallel activities. This is as an integral element in the residency training program even for those residents who do not foresee a career in academic medicine. The department’s view is that awareness of research and its methods is essential for ongoing development of psychiatry as a medical discipline as well as training of future psychiatrists as clinicians, who must be ever-more sophisticated consumers of research or become investigators themselves.

Using any criteria by which scientific productivity is measured, the department excels, whether it is by external funding, number and quality of peer-reviewed publications, honors and eminence of its faculty, or engagement by resident trainees in scholarly activity.

Learn more about departmental faculty and their research interests here. To highlight some of the ongoing research programs, there is a long tradition, since the department’s founding, of active research in sleep and its disorders, with several investigators and currently funded projects. In addition, the department boasts research groups in basic and clinical neuroscience, mood and psychotic disorders, behavioral disorders in children and adolescents, suicide predictors and autism, to name a few. Residents in the program have the opportunity to collaborate with nationally recognized faculty as they develop and pursue their own individual research projects.

During regular weekly didactics, the residents are exposed to several active researchers, and also gain knowledge about assessing research publications from scheduled didactic activities such as Journal Club and Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) sessions, in which the residents review publications for presentation to their peers under faculty mentorship.

In parallel with these activities, residents are encouraged to begin planning for their own scholarly projects. The program assists in this effort by providing a faculty mentor to each resident during years PGY-3 and PGY-4. Optional protected time slots during PGY-3 and/or PGY-4 years may also be arranged to pursue well-devised mentored projects. Residents can select a longitudinal elective of one afternoon or more each week over three to six months in their PGy-3 or PGY-4 years, to complete their research.

The program’s expectation is that each resident will produce at least one scholarly project and present it as a poster, oral presentation or published paper by the time of graduation. These presentations occur at several local (departmental and Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center), regional (local and state psychiatric associations), and national (major organizations such as APA, AACAP, IPS, ASCLP, etc.) levels. Residents have presented their work at all of these levels in recent years.

To foster and support these scholarly activities, in addition to providing regular faculty mentorship to all residents, the program provides funding to cover the cost of poster production, fixed yearly Educational Support funds and time to all residents for conference and meeting attendance costs, and supplemental educational award funding for residents who present their work at the national level.

See resident research presentations, publications, awards and honors

Supervision Expand answer

Supervision is a supplemental educational activity which is distinct from but complementary to the usual clinical and didactic experiences in which all residents participate during their training.

Alumni Spotlight
“The residency program here has trained me very well. I feel confident what I have learned at Penn State will translate in my ability to be an effective attending after I graduate. Aside from the good biological teaching here, we have been really blessed to have a wonderful psychotherapy-focused program director.”
Binh Dinh, MD, Class of 2011

Supervision may be direct (with the supervisor seeing the patient together with the resident), indirect (with the supervisor present in the clinical setting immediately available) or general (such as psychotherapy supervision which may occur off-site and either before or after the relevant clinical encounter).

Supervision is provided by faculty-level professionals, and may include physicians, psychologists and licensed clinical social workers. It may occur as one-to-one, with one resident and one supervisor, or in a group format with one supervisor and two to four residents. The focus is generally clinical and based on the cases being treated by the resident, as well as other aspects of the resident’s professional development.

All residents, throughout their PGY-1 through PGY-4 training years, receive regular supervision experiences while on psychiatry rotations.

For PGY-1 and PGY-2 residents on psychiatry rotations, supervision is direct on inpatient rotations where, during daily rounds, the resident and attending see the patients together. On some rotations, such as partial hospitalization and consult/liaison, supervision may vary between direct or indirect, and may also include group supervision. During their PGY-1 and PGY-2 years, each resident also receives a separate one hour per week of individual supervision with the rotation attending.

PGY-3 and PGY-4 residents receive two hours of individual one-to-one supervision each week. One hour is general longitudinal supervision, for topics involving clinical management, residency experience and professional development. The second hour is dedicated to psychotherapy supervision.

In the outpatient clinic setting, which is the main clinical setting for PGY-3 and PGY-4 residents, each three-hour clinic (morning or afternoon) has direct or indirect supervision with an on-site attending during the clinic block. In addition, for each three-hour clinic, residents also receive one hour of supervision, consisting of one attending and two to four residents, at the end of the clinic block. For residents assigned to clinic both in the morning and afternoon, this would equal two hours of group supervision for the day.

In addition, residents who are undertaking scholarly projects may receive additional unscheduled supervision, usually one-to-one with faculty who are advising and mentoring the residents during poster and publication preparation.


In addition to the supervision modalities described above, the program offers a separate mentorship program for all residents throughout their training. This mentorship is aimed at additional guidance from faculty as residents advance toward independence and in preparing for their post-residency careers.

Topics pertaining to fellowships, practice types and settings, developing special clinical areas of expertise and general career planning are examples of what might be discussed in the mentoring relationship.

Training Locations

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center Expand answer

Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, located in Hershey, Pa., is a 550-bed tertiary-care center and the only medical facility in Pennsylvania to be accredited as both an adult and a pediatric Level 1 trauma center.

This location is considered home base for the Psychiatry Residency, and is where the program’s administrative offices are located.

PGY-1 residents serve their neurology and emergency medicine rotations at this location, as well as one month of consult/liaison. PGY-2 residents serve their remaining consult/liaison rotations and emergency psychiatry rotations at this location. Additionally, all residents join together here for weekly didactics.

Holy Spirit Hospital Expand answer

Penn State Health Holy Spirit Medical Center has been serving the greater Harrisburg region with high-quality, ethically guided and patient-focused healthcare services since 1963. This 307-bed community hospital in East Pennsboro Township provides outpatient and inpatient diagnostic, medical and surgical services. Holy Spirit Medical Center joined Penn State Health in 2020.

Nationally accredited for its centers of excellence in cardiac care, atrial fibrillation, heart attack (STEMI), heart failure, stroke, diabetes and knee and hip replacement, Holy Spirit Medical Center is also certified as an Advanced Primary Stroke Center by The Joint Commission, in conjunction with the American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association.

Its Level II Trauma Center provides around-the-clock complex critical care for people with life-threatening injuries.

UPMC Pinnacle Harrisburg Expand answer

The internal medicine rotation occurs at UPMC Pinnacle Harrisburg in Harrisburg, Pa. It offers a strong teaching component with its own residency and fellowship programs.

Major service lines include neuroscience (including specialty clinics for epilepsy, balance and vestibular conditions); heart and vascular; transplant; women and children’s services (including high-risk maternal fetal and advanced NICU); rehabilitation, cancer and behavioral health (via Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute.) It is also a Magnet Hospital for Nursing.

Residents rotate through UPMC Pinnacle Harrisburg for inpatient and outpatient internal medicine experience.

Lebanon VA Medical Center Expand answer

Located in Lebanon, Pa., about a 30-minute drive from Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, the Lebanon VA Medical Center receives high ratings among VA hospitals nationally for customer service. Here, a patient-centered approach is stressed. Importance is given to support of the resident staff educationally and administratively.

Residents rotate through the Lebanon VA Medical Center for adult inpatient, geriatric and addictions experience.

Northeast Drive Outpatient Psychiatry Clinic Expand answer

The Northeast Drive Outpatient Psychiatry Clinic in Hershey is a 10-minute drive from Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.

Services provided at the clinic include outpatient adult, child and adolescent psychiatric services, geriatrics, partial hospitalization, family and couples therapy and mood disorders.

Residents rotate through the clinic in their second year of training for partial hospitalization services, and in their third and fourth years of training for adult outpatient, geriatrics, family and couples therapy and mood disorders services.

Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute Expand answer

Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute is a joint venture between Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center and UPMC Pinnacle. It is the only university-affiliated inpatient psychiatric facility in central Pennsylvania. The mission of this collaboration is to provide comprehensive psychiatric services to the people of central Pennsylvania.

The facility is a multi-story teaching hospital which includes three units for adult and geriatric inpatient care encompassing more than 60 adult beds, a 16-bed adolescent unit and a nine-bed children’s unit. The facility is also equipped with an electroconvulsive therapy suite and houses an admissions office, outpatient opioid treatment program, conference rooms and general outpatient services.

Residents rotate through Pennsylvania Psychiatric Institute for adult inpatient, child inpatient and outpatient, electroconvulsive therapy and on-call experiences.

Resident Honors and Recognitions

Exceptional Teachers Expand answer

Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center accept ongoing nominations for the Exceptional Moments in Teaching award.

The award, given monthly by the Office for a Respectful Learning Environment, accepts nominations from College of Medicine students who are invited to submit narratives about faculty members, residents, fellows, nurses or any other educators who challenge them and provide an exceptional learning experience. See more about the award here.

Previous nominees from the Psychiatry Residency are listed here. Click the + next to a nominee name to read their nominator’s comments.

Resident/Fellow Research Day Presentations Expand answer

The annual Resident/Fellow Research Day is held each year (with exception of during the COVID-19 pandemic) on and around the Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center campus.

The intent of the event is to provide an opportunity for residents and fellows to showcase their research accomplishments to their peers in other clinical departments, as well as their colleagues in the basic sciences.

Learn more about Resident/Fellow Research Day here.

Previous presentations from the Psychiatry Residency are listed here.

Resident Peer-Reviewed Publications Expand answer

A selection of recent peer-reviewed publications with Psychiatry Residency trainees as authors appears here.

Resident Presentations at Technical and Professional Meetings Expand answer
Robert Y. Tan Memorial Award Expand answer

The Robert Y. Tan Memorial Award is given annually to recognize outstanding residents in the Department of Psychiatry at Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center who are entering their second, third, fourth or fifth year of residency. The award fund was established in memory of Robert Y. Tan by Drs. Anthony and Joyce Kales, the Tan family, the Department of Psychiatry and friends.

Robert Y. Tan was born in Jakarta, Indonesia, and graduated from Hershey High School. He was a graduate of Penn State and attended the University of Pennsylvania pre-med post-baccalaureate program. He was a former district manager for Pepsi-Cola Co. in the Philadelphia area and owned and operated Pearl Management Co., a real estate company. He was a member of Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity, Upsilon Chapter; a committee member and volunteer with Big Brothers Big Sisters in the Philadelphia area; a member of the HAT Society of Philadelphia, which raises money for the Four Diamonds Fund; and a volunteer in the pediatric ward at Thomas Jefferson Hospital in Philadelphia.

Previous recipients of the Tan Award are listed here.

Other Resident Honors and Awards Expand answer

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